British Listed Buildings

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The Old Weir, Horton-cum-Studley

Description: The Old Weir

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 10 April 1987
English Heritage Building ID: 243291

OS Grid Reference: SP6022612555
OS Grid Coordinates: 460226, 212555
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8084, -1.1278

Location: Brill Road, Banbury, Oxfordshire OX33 1BW

Locality: Horton-cum-Studley
Local Authority: Cherwell District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX33 1BW

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Listing Text

SP61SW (East side)
8/54 The Old Weir
- II*
House. c.1350, c.1400, altered C16, early C17 and C18. Full-cruck structure;
walls: timber-framed with brick infill, and brick in Flemish bond; thatch roof
with rebuilt brick ridge stack. 2-bay hall house extended to L-plan by addition
of 2-bay hall with later end outshut. One storey plus attic. Front has
projecting timber-framed cross wing to right, and has entrance in angle with a
3-light segmental-arched casement to left and a 3-light dormer above. Bay to
left has some framing and a 3-light casement. C20 windows and walling beyond, in
a single-storey section, are contained below a large hip, The left return wall
has old timbers but may be a reconstruction. Front gable wall of projecting
range has 3-light casement to both floors and has a medieval cruck-framed gable
with triangular infill pieces under the verge; the lower framing is probably
C16. Rear is mostly brick with segmental-arched casements. All windows have
leaded glazing, some old. Roof has a central stack on the higher main range.
Interior: main range has 3 pairs of massive crocks tenoned into yokes, with a
ridge purlin and large curved windbraces; the left bay is much narrower and may
have formed a cross passage; the central tie beam has broach chamfer stops and
long slots in the soffit at each end, possibly to receive solid spandrels or a
spere screen. Large inserted stack has an open fireplace and is contemporary
with early C17 stop-chamfered joists and spine beam. Altered service bay under
large hip has radiating rafters and may also be medieval. Ridge purlin of main
range is propped from the ridge of the projecting range which may be slightly
earlier but has a similar central crock truss; the top half of the front cruck
blades survive in the gable but the rear gable wall has been rebuilt. The lower
ridge purlin has an edge-halved scarf joint with square abutments and 2 face
pegs on a diagonal line. Only 2 windbraces survive. Both ranges have
smoke-blackened rafters. Rear bay of cross range has a large chamfered cross
beam and heavy joists with bare-faced soffit tenons, which are possibly C14 and
may be an early insertion or an original sleeping loft. Front bay has spine
beam and joists with soffit tenons with diminished haunches, possibly C16 and
contemporary with the wall framing. A section of medieval framed wall survives
between the ranges. C20 extensions to rear are not of special architectural
(Information from Mr. John Steane, Oxfordshire Museums Service)

Listing NGR: SP6022612555

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.