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Description: Castle End
Date Listed: 8 December 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 243874
OS Grid Reference: SP4700931700
OS Grid Coordinates: 447009, 231700
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9818, -1.3169
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SP43SE DEDDINGTON CASTLE STREET
3/150 Castle End and Monks Court
08/12/55 (Formerly listed as Castle
Large farmhouse, now 2 dwellings. Early C16 and 1647 (on datestone), altered and
extended late C18. Marlstone rubble with ashlar dressings and wooden lintels;
coursed squared marlstone with limestone-ashlar dressings; Stonesfield-slate
roofs with ashlar stacks. 4-unit plan in 2 builds with added outshut and rear
wings. 2 storeys and 2 storeys plus attic. Rubble right half of front is at
least partly C16 or earlier, but now has three 16-pane late-C18 sashes at each
floor, all with wooden lintels. To left of the windows a fine 4-centre-arched
C16 moulded stone doorway with label is sheltered by a 2-storey porch, with a
2-light ovolo-moulded stone-mullioned window above a moulded stone doorway
(probably restored) with moulded label and lozenge stops; the gable has a panel
inscribed 1647. Probably contemporary, although without the chamfered plinth, is
the 3-window range to left, which has similar mullioned windows of 2, 3 and 5
lights aligned below 2 stone gables, and has an additional 2-light window
without a label set between the first-floor windows; the ground-floor windows
are unusually large but are probably C17. Left end wall has further mullioned
windows. Steep-pitched roof has stacks to both gables and to right of centre.
Right gable all is rebuilt and returns to a late-C17/C18 rear wing with later
windows. To rear of main range a late-C18 outshut, now partly raised, includes a
higher section containing a tall arched stair window with Gothick glazing bars;
at the left end of the range the outshut extends to rear to link with a small
C18 range, probably originally stable and loft, now part of Monks Court.
Interior: right half of Castle End has stop-chamfered cross beams and a 2-bay
roof. The central truss, with collar and cambered chamfered tiebeam, supports 2
rows of butt purlins. The roof may be early C18 or earlier. Left half has a
2-bay early-C16 roof, with trenched purlins and a ridge beam supported on a fine
arch-braced collar truss worked with hollow chamfers. A large Tudor-arched stone
fireplace with recessed spandrels and an arched single-light window (now
internal) survive at first floor and are probably contemporary with the roof.
Monks Court retains a mid-C17 open fireplace with the bressumer chamfer
returning down the jambs, but was re-modelled internally late C18 and has
joinery of that date, including a stair with stick balusters and an inlaid
ramped and wreathed mahogany handrail; the stair hall has a 4-centred plaster
vault. The second early-C16 truss illustrated by Wood Jones has been destroyed
by the construction of a party wall. There is no evidence of the open hall, but
it is likely to have occupied the site of Monks Court.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: p571; VCH: Oxfordshire: Vol XI, p97; R.
Wood-Jones: Traditional Domestic Architecture in the Banbury Region: 1963,
Listing NGR: SP4700931700
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.