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Church of St Mary, Bloxham

Description: Church of St Mary

Grade: I
Date Listed: 8 December 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 244168

OS Grid Reference: SP4301135679
OS Grid Coordinates: 443011, 235679
Latitude/Longitude: 52.0179, -1.3746

Locality: Bloxham
Local Authority: Cherwell District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX15 4ET

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Listing Text

SP4235 (East side)
9/65 Church of St. Mary


Parish Church. C12 fragments. C13. Chancel, nave, north and south aisles, and
nave arcades. C14: North and south aisles widened; shallow north transept
constructed; north and south porches; west tower and spire. C15: Milcombe
Chapel; clerestory of the nave. Roofs of north and south aisles reconstructed
1686. Spire repaired several times in C18. 1864 restoration by G.E. Street:
1956: Major repairs. Regular coursed ironstone rubble. Lead roofs. Nave, north
and south aisles, south chapel, chancel, north and south vestries, north and
south porches, west tower. Chancel: 4-light Gothic revival east window, other
windows 2-light with intersecting Y- or geometrical tracery. North vestry 1866;
south vestry C20. North aisle: 4-light west window has unusual tracery with
carved figures; 3-light window west of porch has a form of reticulated tracery;
east of porch two 3-light windows have reticulated and geometrical tracery;
5-light Perpendicular east window. North porch and doorway early C14 with wave
mouldings. South aisle: 4-light geometrical west window with a six-sided star to
head; 3-light geometrical window to left of porch; C14 porch is vaulted with
room over and third storey added in C15. Milcombe Chapel has 4- ,5- and 7-light
rectilinear windows externally divided by buttresses with pinnacles; straight
parapet has gargoyles; mutilated niches flank the east windows of south aisle
and chapel. West tower: West doorway has 3 orders of wave moulding, hollows
filled with ballflower, leaves and birds and large carved heads in place of
capitals. Hood has seated figures. Tower of 5 stages has angle buttresses with
niches, string courses to all stages and louvred lights to bell stage. At fifth
stage the tower forms an octagon under the spire; broaches are marked by corner
pinnacles. Octagon has cornice of blind tracery; spire has canopied lucarnes.
Interior: Chancel: C12 responds of chancel arch re-used in C14 rebuilding;
re-set C12 doorway in north wall has tympanum with fish scale pattern; re-used
Romanesque carvings to rere-arches of south windows; 4-bay nave arcades: double
chamfered arches; north piers are round with moulded capitals; south piers of
quatrefoil section, one has a stiff leaf capital. North transept entered through
2 arches on diamond shaped piers. Capital has band of heads. Between the south
aisle and the Milcombe Chapel are 2 delicately moulded 4-centred arches and a
slender pier. North aisle roof and most of south aisle roofC14; chancel and nave
roofs renewed 1866; font C15 with Jacobean cover; rood screen C15; reredos and
choir stalls 1866 by Street. Wall paintings: Fragments of C15 over north
doorway; in the Milcombe Chapel a series of narrative scenes probably C16.
Fragments of C14 glass in central window of north aisle. Chancel east window by
Morris and Co. 1869; chancel south window by Charles Kempe; Chancel low south
window by Morris and Co, inserted 1920. Monuments: To Sir John Thornycroft
{d.1725) in Milcombe Chapel, and other monuments to this family including
Elizabeth, Lady Thornycroft (1704), John Thornycroft (1687) and his wife Dorothy
(d,1717/18). There are memorials to C19 members of the Holloway family and to
the vicars: Robert Pargiter, John Davis, Harry Davis, George Bell, James .
Hodgson. The Church of St. Mary is noted as one of the finest in the country. It
was indirectly under royal patronage until 1541 when the living passed to Eton
College. The C14 and C15 tracery and lively sculpture was carried out by a
school of C14 masons who worked on other churches locally. The Milcombe chapel
may have been built by the mason Richard Winchcombe who was responsible for
Adderbury chancel 1418.
(V,C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vol.IX, pp.75-8; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974,

Listing NGR: SP4300835683

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.