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Description: Baltic Cottage
Date Listed: 28 October 1974
English Heritage Building ID: 246122
OS Grid Reference: SU7631182524
OS Grid Coordinates: 476311, 182524
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5365, -0.9011
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696/1/265 FRIDAY STREET
Hall house, dendro-dated to 1438, with cross-wing of 1537/8 and C19 and later extensions to rear.
MATERIALS: Timber frame, rendered externally, with plain tile roof.
PLAN: Front wing is of two storeys with entrance hall and living room on ground floor and two bedrooms above. Left-hand bay originally formed half of a mid-C15 hall house with later inserted ceiling and central stack, of which the remaining portion is now part of Baltic House (q.v.) Right-hand bay originally a mid-C16 cross-wing. Dining room, kitchen and third bedroom in C19 extension to rear.
EXTERIOR: Most external features, including multi-pane sash windows and timber dentil cornice, date from C18 remodelling.
INTERIORS: Much exposed timber framing. Wall posts and plates of hall house visible in sitting room, although main transverse beam here is a plaster fake masking a modern reinforcing member. In bedroom above are exposed front wall plate and tie beam of end truss with arch brace and later studwork. Main hall roof structure visible in attic, including crown plate, collars, rafters and one crown post with curved brace. In cross-wing above modern stair are tie beam and rafter forming original rear gable; wall plate and rafter ends in bedroom above. Roof structure of cross-wing much altered, but rafters and half-hipped rear gable structure visible in attic.
HISTORY: The eastern half of what is now Baltic Cottage originally formed part of an open-hall house dating from 1438. A hundred years later, in 1537-8, a cross-wing was added to the western end of this building, and perhaps at the same time a first floor and a central stack were inserted to create a two-storey lobby-entry house. A large new entrance wing containing a suite of reception rooms was added to the east in around 1800; the older building was externally remodelled, and the angle between the two began gradually to be infilled. Between 1944 and 1966 the house was used as the ticket office for the Henley regatta. In 1976 the house was divided into two properties, with the Georgian riverfront block and half of the medieval hall becoming Baltic House, and the other half of the hall plus the cross-wing and part of the rear extension becoming Baltic Cottage.
SOURCES: Ruth Gibson, report for the Henley Archaeological and Historical Group (2010).
D W H Miles and M C Bridge, report for Oxford Dendrochronology Laboratory (2008).
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION:
Baltic Cottage is designated at Grade II for the following principal reason:
* Architectural: incorporates part of a mid-C15 hall house with a mid-C16 cross-wing, both retaining much of their original timber framing.
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.