British Listed Buildings

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Carfax Conduit, Nuneham Courtenay

Description: Carfax Conduit

Grade: I
Date Listed: 18 July 1963
English Heritage Building ID: 248332

OS Grid Reference: SU5372797671
OS Grid Coordinates: 453727, 197671
Latitude/Longitude: 51.6752, -1.2244

Location: Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire OX44 9PD

Locality: Nuneham Courtenay
Local Authority: South Oxfordshire District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX44 9PD

Incorrect location/postcode? Submit a correction!

There is also a scheduled monument with a similar name, Carfax Conduit, 540m South West of Nuneham House, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This is probably the same structure or related to it in some way.

Explore more of the area around Nuneham Courtenay, Oxfordshire at Explore Britain.

Listing Text

4/95 Carfax Conduit


Conduit, now eyecatcher. 1617 by John Clarke, mason, for Otho Nicholson; 1686
lower part rebuilt, probably by Thomas Wood, mason; 1789 removed to Nuneham Park
bv the 2nd Earl Harcourt. Limestone ashlar. Square plan. Each face of the lower
stage has a recessed panel, flanking pilasters, and an entablature with a
triglyph frieze incorporating the arms of Oxford and the University. The
ornamental pierced balustrade includes the letters ONON on each face and has a
cresting of standing figures, obelisks and cartouches with heraldic beasts at
the angles. From within the parapet 4 ornamental flying buttresses support an
octagonal superstructure containing 8 niches with standing figures between
mermaid caryatids. The openwork done, covered with fish-scales, has a border of
8 figures and a finial comprising 2 figures back to back. The decoration forms a
complicated allegory with many allusions to the original function of the
conduit. Tablets on 2 sides of the lower structure commemorate, in English and
Latin, the setting up of the conduit in the park. A focal point of the important
landscape by Lancelot Brown.
(Nuneham Park is included in the HBMC County Register of Gardens at Grade I ;
V.C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vo1.V, p.234; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, p.728; C,
Cole, "Carfax Conduit", Oxoniensia, Vols. 29 and 30, 1964/5, pp.142-l66)

Listing NGR: SU5372797671

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.