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Description: Remains of St Nicholas's College
Date Listed: 9 December 1949
English Heritage Building ID: 249219
OS Grid Reference: SU6090489595
OS Grid Coordinates: 460904, 189595
Latitude/Longitude: 51.6019, -1.1220
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WALLINGFORD CASTLE LANE
SU6089NE (West side)
10/60 Remains of St. Nicholas's
Ruins of walls. Probably C13 with C15, C16 and later alterations. Uncoursed
limestone rubble. L-shaped wall. Long stroke of L approx. 25m. long and 10m.
high. Short stroke of L approx. 15m. long and of varying height. 2-centre
archway to short stroke. Irregular fenestration of mostly damaged openings. C19
outbuilding attached to north side. History; Wallingford Castle was begun in 1067
by order of William the Conqueror; supervised by Robert D'Oyley. Motte and
Bailey castle completed in 1071. Castle expanded in C13 under King John, and
King Henry III, when it was held by Richard, Earl of Cornwall. In 1307 the
castle and town were given by Edward II to Piers Gaveston, created Baron
Wallingford. In 1335 Edward III gave the castle to his son Edward. the Black
Prince, Duke of Cornwall, who spent large sums on repairs and improvements. Held
during most of C15 by Chaucer and de la Pole families of Ewelme. By 1540's the
castle had fallen into disrepair and stone was being used for other buildings in
the town. During the Civil War it was fortified as a Royalist stronghold.
Charles I inspected the new works in 1643. Siege of Wallingford in 1646 when
colonel Blagge was besieged for 16 weeks by Cromwell's troops. On 17th November
1652 Cromwell's Council of State ordered its demolition. This fragment
traditionally thought to form part of St. Nicholas's College, the King's Chapel
in the Castle. The Castle area is scheduled as an ancient monument.
(V.C.H. : Berkshire, Vol.III, 1923, p.523-531; "Wallingford Castle, a brief
guide", 1984; Buildings of England: Berkshire, 1966, p.248).
Listing NGR: SU6089889598
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.