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Description: Buckland House
Date Listed: 21 November 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 250865
OS Grid Reference: SU3405298212
OS Grid Coordinates: 434052, 198212
Latitude/Longitude: 51.6816, -1.5089
Explore more of the area around Buckland, Oxfordshire at Explore Britain.
BUCKLAND BUCKLAND PARK
2/13 Buckland House
Country House. c.1757 for Sir Robert Throckmorton by John Wood the younger;
alterations and additions c.1910 by Romaine Walker. Limestone ashlar and
rusticated limestone; Welsh slate and lead roof; limestone ashlar stacks.
original plan was house flanked by low wings with octagonal pavilions. Large
side wings added c.1910. Two storeys and attic; 5 bays 1:3:1 fenestration with
giant order of Corinthian capitals to central pediment. Ashlar to basement with
wedged and keyed lintels over sashes. Chamfered rustication to ground floor and
porch of c.1910, whcih has keyed semi-circular arch over 4-panelled double-leaf
doors with fanlight and balustraded parapet. Porch flanked by sashes in similar
openings. Alternate first-floor sashes set in pedimented Corinthian aedicules on
consoles. Floating cornices and Corinthian columns frame windows flanked centre
bay. Garlands and putti to broad frieze; 2-light attic windows; Ionic
modillioned cornice. Hipped roof; prominent ridge stack and lesser internal
stacks. Low 9-bay side wings of early C20 French windows alternating with blind
round-headed alcoves and with balustraded parapet connect main block to outer
octagonal pavilions; pedimented front bay of each pavilion has paired Doric
pilasters breaking into a Venetian window with Doric pilasters, and side walls
have semi-circular arches over sashes. Low balustrades link main block to
pavilions and to steps fronting right pavilion. Two storey and attic, 3 x 5 bay
blocks to left and right of central block built c.1910 in similar style and
materials. Tympanum of central projection and rear bays has carved heraldic
crest. Interior: Entrance hall c,1910 with coupled Roman Ionic pilaster and
garlanded panels over each of 6-panelled doors. Saloon of c.1757 behind hall has
consoles to floating cornices aver 6-panelled doors, modillioned cornice to fine
plaster coving with modillions and swags and painted ceiling depicting Reni's s
"Aurora". Large chimney piece. Room to left has fine late C18 coloured marble
fireplace and garlanded frieze to ceiling with rococo plasterwork. Staircase of
c.1910) in original position to rear left of hall. Doric pilasters frame walls of
passage to east pavilion, possibly a chapel, which has Corinthian angle
pilasters, modillioned cornice and garlanded frieze to ceiling with strapwork;
alternating pedimented Corinthian aedicules and semi-circular arches with
coffered reveals to projecting bays; head of Apollo with rays to fireplace. West
pavilion has scagliola Corinthian columns, late C18 fireplace, frieze with putti
and modillions to painting ceiling by Cupicani and Rebecca depicting various
Arts and Sciences. First floor: semi-circular arches with coffered reveals, mid
C18 fireplaces, more elaborate fireplaces and plaster friezes to main rooms on
right. Corinthian capitals to Venetian windows in side walls. Flanking blocks of
c.1910; Queen Anne style rooms with bolection moulded panelling to left and
painted ceiling in room with panelled dado to right; bathrooms with inlaid
marble walls to both floors an right.
(Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1660-1840,
1978, p.912; Buildings of England: Berkshire, pp.105-6; A.S.N. Wright, The
History of Buckland, 1966, pp.45-7, 65).
Listing NGR: SU3405298212
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.