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Description: Gaunt House
Date Listed: 12 September 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 252330
OS Grid Reference: SP4072903234
OS Grid Coordinates: 440729, 203234
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7264, -1.4117
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11/246 Gaunt House
House. Early C17, with earlier (possibly late medieval) origins; C18 and later
alterations. Coursed limestone rubble; hipped roof, surmounted by reset carved
figure, of stone slates to front and concrete tiles to rear; stone ridge stack
to left, and large offset rear lateral stone stack. 2-storey hall range with
flanking cross wings which enclose 3 sides of rear courtyard. 2 storeys;
5-window range. Early C17 chamfered stone doorway, with 4-centred arch and
chamfered imposts, to right of central hall range: ancient studded door of
lapped planks with strap hinges. Concrete lintels over C18 three-light leaded
first-floor casements, and C19 transomed 3-light windows with runners to iron
opening lights; outshut and timber lintels over C20 casements to right of door.
Rear right wing has stone end stack and outshut, Rear left wing has early C17
outshut to right; left side wall, 3-window range, has C18 leaded casements and
C19 transomed windows; also, hood moulds over early C17 three-light window with
C20 mullions, and chamfered light above C17 plank door set in hollow-chamfered
architrave with basket arch. Interior: hall has early C17 chamfered arched
fireplace, and C18 collar-truss with staggered butt purlins also over right
wing, Left wing: chamfered and moulded stone arched fireplaces and C17 ribbed
doors; ground-floor room to rear of stack has plastered beam with lozenge and
floral decoration, and first-floor room above has plastered beam with stencilled
decoration; collar-truss roof with butt purlins; newel stairs in outshut to
right. Rear right wing has queen-post truss with windbraces, clasped purlins and
mortices for bracing. The cross wings were gabled to the front before the hall
was re-roofed in the C18. Two jowled posts of heavy scantling in right wall of
left wing have mortices for large braces and are part of a former, possibly late
medieval, hall and cross wing. Gaunt House occupies a medieval moated site. It
was owned by Dr. John Fell of Oxford, a staunch Royalist who gave the house to
the King's Army as a base for the garrison securing New Bridge (q.v.) in 1643-5:
it was later attacked and taken by the Parliamentarians.
(J. Skelton, Antiquities of Oxfordshire, 1823, fol.13r).
Listing NGR: SP4072903234
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.