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Church of St Mary, Witney

Description: Church of St Mary

Grade: I
Date Listed: 3 March 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 252646

OS Grid Reference: SP3610309629
OS Grid Coordinates: 436103, 209629
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7842, -1.4780

Location: Church Lane, Witney, Oxfordshire OX28 3LA

Locality: Witney
Local Authority: West Oxfordshire District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX28 3LA

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There is also a scheduled monument, The Remains of a Medieval Moated Manor, Priory, Settlement and Associated Features, Cogges, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.

Explore more of the area around Witney, Oxfordshire at Explore Britain.

Listing Text

8/92 Church of St. Mary

Church. Late C12 and early C13: remodelled c.1330-40, Coursed limestone rubble,
with old rendering, to part of south wall of chancel; gabled stone slate roofs.
Chancel with north chapel and aisled nave with west tower. Chancel has clasping
corner buttresses and early C14 curvilinear 3-light east window; south side has
label moulds with head stops over C15 two- and 3-light windows and C15 doorway
with C18 door. Early C14 north chapel: 3 fine heads above two early C14
two-light windows with elaborate curvilinear tracery; 3 two-light windows to
north. North side of nave has two early C14 two-light windows and hood mould
over C14 blocked door. South aisle has late C13 trefoiled lancet, label mould
over early C14 two-light window and C15 three-light west window with panel
tracery; early C13 south porch has round-arched hood mould over pointed arched
doorway: pointed roll-moulded south door with moulded imposts. Early C14
north-west tower has 2-light windows and stone flight of steps to painted arched
doorway; squinches to octagonal upper stage with lancets. Interior: east window
has early C14 responds with ballflower capitals to rere-arch; early C14
double-piscina. C14 three-bay chancel roof with scissor-braced trusses. Early
C14 two-bay hollow-chamfered arcade to north chapel; trefoiled piscina on east
respond. North chapel has fine and unusual frieze of grotesques, animals and
corbels of men and animals playing musical instruments; rosette and ballflower
decoration to architraves of windows; roof, probably C15, of quartered moulded
beams. Early C14 double-chamfered chancel arch to nave, which has C12 tub font
on C14 octagonal base; C15 three-bay tie-beam roof. Transitional early C13 south
arcade has double-chamfered pointed arches, and round pier with scalloped
capital. C14 three-bay north arcade has double-chamfered arches set on octagonal
piers. North aisle has archway to tower, and C15 roof with moulded beams;
similar restored roof to south aisle. Monuments: between chancel and north
chapel is a tomb chest with a very fine early C14 effigy of Margaret de Grey
with angels supporting the pillow; sides of tomb have sexfoiled circles
enclosing blank shields and symbols of the Evangelists. Chancel has late C17
wall monument of the Crutchfield family, in local Baroque style. North chapel
has fine Blake memorial to William (d.1695) Sara (d.1701) and Francis (d.1681):
3 marble busts set in architectural frame with scrolled pediment; also wall
tablets to 2 Francis Blakes, d.169l and 1681. Stained glass: east window of
north chapel has early C14 glass with foliate decoration in tracery lights. The
church originated as a 2-cell late Saxon structure. It is probable that the
monks from the Priory (q.v.) used the north aisle of the church for their own
services. The Blake family owned Manor Farm (q.v.). The north chapel was built,
probably in the 1340s, by Lord Grey for his mother Lady Margaret.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, pp.5501-55; Bodleian Library, M.S. Top,
Oxon; J. Blair and J.M. Steane, Investigations at Cogges, Oxfordshire
1978-1981, The Priory and Parish Church", 0xonensia, XLVII, 1982, pp,37-125).

Listing NGR: SP3611009629

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.