Description: Retaining Walls to the Cold Bath, Octagon Pool and Watery Walk
Date Listed: 27 August 1957
English Heritage Building ID: 252886
OS Grid Reference: SP4776424500
OS Grid Coordinates: 447764, 224500
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9170, -1.3069
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ROUSHAM ROUSHAM PARK GARDENS
14/230 Retaining walls to The Cold
27/08/57 Bath, Octagon Pool and Watery
(Formerly listed under The
Cold Bath and small adjoining
Retaining walls. c.1738-40, by William Kent. Squared and coursed limestone.
Surround octagonal Cold Bath with ashlar rim and larger Octagon Pond in Venus'
Vale. Serpentine stream of channelled limestone runs from spring near Temple of
Echo (q.v.) through Cold Bath to Octagon Pond. The serpentine stream is of great
importance as the earliest example of the Rococo "line of beauty" applied to
garden design and is the embodiment of Kent's dictum that "Nature abhors a
straight line": it is known as both the Watery Walk and The Rill. Part of the
landscape gardens laid out by William Kent between 1733-40.
(Rousham Park is included in the H.B.M.C. Register of Parks and Gardens at Grade
I; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: pp745-6; M.I. Wilson, William Kent
1685-1748, 1984, p214)
Listing NGR: SP4776424500
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.