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Description: Park Farm Cottages
Date Listed: 27 July 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 253003
OS Grid Reference: SP4247317036
OS Grid Coordinates: 442473, 217036
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8503, -1.3848
Explore more of the area around Blenheim, Oxfordshire at Explore Britain.
2/21 Park Farmbuildings, and Nos.1
and 2 Park Farm Cottages
Farmbuildings and cottages. 1768, by Capability Brown; remodelled and buildings
to rear and cottages built c.1858. Coursed limestone rubble with ashlar
dressings; gabled concrete tile roofs; Welsh slate roofs to covered yards and
hipped corrugated iron roofs to attached central ranges. Courtyard plan.
One-storey front range has central 2-storey archway, which has fleuree cross
surmounting stone-coped gable with moulded kneelers and keyed semi-circular arch
with imposts over plank double doors. Archway flanked by wings each of 3-window
range, with keyed flat stone arches over blocked windows and 2-light chamfered
stone-mullioned window to left. Segmental stone arches over plank stable doors
and hit-and-miss ventilators to looseboxes to rear. Range enclosing right side
of courtyard has segmental arches over arcaded shelter sheds, with brick
dressings to rear shelter shed, which has roothouse to rear. Range enclosing
left side of courtyard has through-entry to rear, and haylofts over similar
loosebox range and, facing outer side, 6-bay segmental-arched cartshed range and
2 implement sheds with plankdouble doors. Shelter sheds with segmental-arched
arcades extend from sides to centre of yard dividing it into 4 smaller yards;
plank doors to shelter sheds and covered yards to front, supported on brick
piers and with iron-trussed roof; 5-bay shelter shed to rear, with timber posts
and collar-truss roof. Range enclosing rear of courtyard has central 9-bay barn:
ventilation slits, central through-entry and queen-post roof with iron bracing;
floor to right of barn has fly wheels connected to 2-storey engine house to
rear, with timber lintels over plank double doors and casements. To front and
rear of right side of farm are two cottages built in 1858: each of one storey
and attic; stone-coped gable end with moulded kneelers has lancet window set
above 2-light chamfered stone-mullioned windows; cottage to front has 4-centred
arched doorway with sunk spandrels; ridge stacks of stone with brick flues.
Capability Brown built the farm as a menagerie for the Fourth Duke of
Marlborough. The gateway and flanking wings of the front range survive but have
been much remodelled: Brown built this range in Gothick style.
(Blenheim Park is included in the HBMC Register of Parks and Gardens at Grade I;
Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: p474; D. Green, Blenheim Palace: 1951, p198)
Listing NGR: SP4247317036
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.