Description: Church of St Nicholas
Date Listed: 30 August 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 253194
OS Grid Reference: SP3336722032
OS Grid Coordinates: 433367, 222032
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8958, -1.5165
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SP32SW CHADLINGTON EASTEND
7/13 Church of St. Nicholas
Church. Late C12 (and possibly earlier), C13 and C15; restored and chancel
rebuilt 1870 by Charles Buckeridge. Coursed limestone rubble with ashlar
dressings; sheet-metal and Stonesfield-slate roofs. Chancel, nave, south vestry,
north transept, north and south aisles, south porch and west tower. C19
steep-roofed chancel in Decorated style has a 3-light east window with
reticulated tracery, and two 2-light windows to north, all with carved head
stops. Vestry to south has a re-used 3-light east window with Perpendicular
tracery and a square-headed window facing south. To right of porch, south aisle
has two double lancets with trefoil heads and deeply-cut moulding; the
westernmost is probably C19; to left of the porch is a plain C13 double lancet.
C15 porch has a moulded outer arch and shelters the restored late-C12 south
doorway with a round arch of 3 chamfered orders on jambs of a detached shaft
flanked by attached shafts, all with moulded capitals. Both aisles have small
lancets at the west end. North aisle has 2 tall square-headed 2-light windows
with Perpendicular tracery within casement mouldings, which flank the
contemporary doorway with recessed ornamented spandrels under a label mould.
Tall late-C14 transept has a 4-light early-Perpendicular window to east and a
3-light window to north, both with transoms in the tracery. C15 clerestory has
square-headed traceried windows of 2 and 3 lights with large carved head stops.
Deep C15 parapets to nave, aisles and transept also have carved heads and
gargoyles including a fine "green man". 2 lower stages of the unbuttressed tower
may be contemporary with the late-C12/early-C13 third stage which has pairs of
trefoil-headed openings under crude labels, but they could be earlier; second
stage has a round-headed lancet, but 2-light west window is C14. C15 top stage
has 2-light traceried bell-chamber openings, and carries a crenellated parapet
with crocketed corner pinnacles and gargoyles. Interior: C19 chancel has a
double sedilia and piscina to south with cinquefoiled arches. Chancel arch and
the low arch leading to the transept are C15, but the remains of a Romanesque
window survive above the latter, and the arch incorporates C13 shafts with
moulded bases and capitals. 4-bay south arcade and remaining 3 bays of north
arcade arm C13, with circular columns, moulded capitals and arches of 2
chamfered orders. Both arcades clasp the tower which has a plain arch of 2
continuous orders. Both aisles have C15 piscinae. C15-style nave roof has
traceried kingpost trusses, and rises from carved corbels. Other roofs are
plainer and date from C19. Fittings are C19, except for a C17 communion table
with baluster legs, and a chest with arcaded front. C19 stained glass in
chancel; early-C20 glass in transept. Monuments include a tablet flanked by
scrolls and cherub, bearing an armorial cartouche between flaming urns, which
commemorates Joseph Rollinson (d.1699), and a marble wall monument by Ricketts
of Gloucester to Sir William and Lady Catherine Osbaldeston (d.1740) and 1737)
with an urn and serpent against a black obelisk.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: pp524/5)
Listing NGR: SP3336722032
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.