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Description: Church of St Andrew
Date Listed: 27 August 1957
English Heritage Building ID: 253300
OS Grid Reference: SP3268931496
OS Grid Coordinates: 432689, 231496
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9810, -1.5254
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ROLLRIGHT CHURCH END
SP3231-3331 Great Rollright
12/120 Church of St. Andrew
Church. Late C12, C13, C14 and C15; restored 1852 by G.E. Street. Roughcast
limestone rubble with limestone-ashlar dressings; limestone ashlar; copper
roofs. Chancel, north vestry, nave, south aisle, south porch and west tower.
Chancel is probably C13 and has shallow ashlar buttresses at the angles, but has
a plain C15 parapet and C15 windows: to east a 4-centre-arched 3-light window
with elaborate drop tracery, and to south square-headed windows of 2 and 4
lights with similar tracery, labels and head stops, plus a C15 priest's door.
Narrow south aisle has elaborate C14 details including a pinnacled diagonal
buttress with ogee-canopied image niche, a corbel table of grotesque heads and
square flowers, returning around the contemporary porch, a 2-light window to
right of the porch with flowing tracery and square flowers around the arch, and
an unusual 3-light window to left of the porch with a segmental arch, dense drop
tracery, and elaborate headstops, one holding an oak branch. 2-storey porch has
an outer arch of 2 chamfered orders below an ogee lancet, and has a sundial on
the gable plus eroded corner pinnacles; it shelters a fine late-C12 doorway of 2
orders (beakhead and chevron) with anouter band of chevron, an elaborate carved
tympanum, and detached jamb shafts with scalloped capitals. C15 clerestory has
2-light square-headed windows with labels. North side of nave is C15 and has a
high moulded ashlar plinth and stepped buttresses. Ashlar tower of 3 stages,
with a similar plinth, diagonal buttresses, and a crenellated parapet with 8
crocketed pinnacles, is also C15 and has a 3-light drop-traceried west window,
deeply recessed in a 4-centre-arched casement mould, and has 2-light Y-traceried
transomed openings to the bell chamber; below the parapet are 8 large winged
gargoyles. Interior: chancel has a small canopied piscina with credence shelf
and some original colouring, set into the splay of a C15 window; shallow
kingpost roof is probably early C19 but has small pendants of C17 character. C13
chancel arch of 3 chamfered orders has attached shafts with moulded capitals and
bases; 3-bay nave arcade of 2 orders is probably contemporary and has circular
columns with similar mouldings; tall tower arch of 3 continuous chamfered orders
is C15. South aisle has an ogee-headed C14 piscina with credence shelf. C15
north door has re-used C12 chevron in the rere arch. Nave roof, with curved
braces rising from wall posts to tiebeams, is dated 1814 but may be much
earlier; south aisle roof is mid C19. Fittings include a panelled octagonal C15
font, a richly-carved traceried C15 wood screen (repainted 1862), and a
contemporary canopy fixed to the nave roof with a panelled cove and carved
bosses, which may have original colouring, Pews, pulpit and other fittings are
mostly C19. Coloured glass is mainly C19 in repetitive patterns, but includes
five C15 roundels in a south aisle window. Brass of James Battersby (d.1522).
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: pp623-4)
Listing NGR: SP3268431497
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.