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Description: Friars Court Cottages
Date Listed: 30 March 1989
English Heritage Building ID: 253751
OS Grid Reference: SP2837301185
OS Grid Coordinates: 428373, 201185
Latitude/Longitude: 51.7087, -1.5908
Explore more of the area around Clanfield, Oxfordshire at Explore Britain.
SP2801-2901 (East side)
8/5 Nos.3 - 5 (inclusive), Friars
Row of 3 cottages, incorporating remains of C13 building, probably a hospital
chapel. Roughly coursed limestone rubble, rendered except for south wall;
machine tile roof. Long rectangular building aligned south-west to north-east
with C20 parallel gabled range and C20 gabled range at right-angles to north.
Externally there are no architectural features earlier than c.1942 when the
cottages were remodelled; the south wall is mainly post-medieval and the blocked
features and straight joints in its upper parts are probably no earlier than C17
and may be later. A measured survey in February 1985 revealed the original north
wall of the central and eastern cottages to be 0.68m thick and to survive to a
height of c.4.9 metres. The cross wall between the central and western cottages
is 0.93 metres thick. Although the south wall is mainly post-medieval, it
contains a short section of different construction and much thicker (0.70
metres) that the rest, terminating in a splayed door-jamb. These fragments
represent the north, south and west walls of a rectangular building measuring
c.10.6 metres by 3.7 metres internally and c.4.9 metres in height with a doorway
on its south side. This may be the chapel known to have been rebuilt for
Nicholas de Totnes between 1237 and 1244 or possibly another building associated
with it. A chapel on the site is first recorded in early C13 and would seem to
have originated as a hospital chapel served by the nearby preceptory of Knights
Hospitallers (q.v. under Friars' Court). Later it appears to have been reduced
to chapel-of-east status, being rebuilt as such between 1237 and 1244. Properly
controlled further investigation of the building might reveal architectural
features at present (July 1987) covered by plaster. C20 additions to north are
not of special architectural interest.
(John Blair: Saint Leonard's Chapel, Clanfield, Oxoniensia: L(1985); pp209-14;
D. Knowles and R.N. Hadcock: Medieval Religious Houses (1971): p302)
Listing NGR: SP2837301185
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.