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Church of St Mary, Charlbury

Description: Church of St Mary

Grade: I
Date Listed: 27 August 1956
English Heritage Building ID: 254176

OS Grid Reference: SP3556019427
OS Grid Coordinates: 435560, 219427
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8723, -1.4849

Location: Church Lane, Charlbury, Oxfordshire OX7 3PP

Locality: Charlbury
Local Authority: West Oxfordshire District Council
County: Oxfordshire
Country: England
Postcode: OX7 3PP

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Listing Text

5/35 (North Side)
27/8/56 Church of St Mary

Parish Church. C12,C13, C14, C15 and C16; restored 1856 by G.E. Street;
chancel restored 1874 by C. Buckeridge for John, Duke of Marlborough.
Coursed limestone rubble with ashlar dressings; sheet-metal and concrete
plain-tile roofs. Chancel with north and south chapels, aisles, nave,
west tower and south porch. C13 chancel retains a restored lancet to
north, but the 5-light east window has Decorated tracery. Transeptal
north chapel has a 2-light C13 north window with a shafted mullion and a
concave-sided lozenge in the head (cf. St Matthew, Langford); buttresses,
parapet and segmental-headed east window are C15/C16. South chapel, "The
Pudlicote Aisle", is equal in size to the chancel which it post-dates, and
has a similar C14-style east window (restored c.1875). Tudor-arched south
windows, of 2 wide lights with plain tracery, are similar to those in the
south aisle; though claimed to be the result of an C18 simplification (VCH
and Pevsner), the windows look intact and may be C16. A buttress on the
south chapel has a painted sundial dated 1776. South porch may also be
C16 and has a Tudor-arched doorway with an ancient panelled door; it
shelters the fine trefoil-headed C13 south doorway with matching roll-
moulded arch rising from shafted jambs. North aisle retains a lancet to
west, but was widened (probably C15) and has two 4-centre-arched windows
to north with casement mouldings and altered tracery. Nave clerestory has
plain mullioned windows to south, but to north has 2 windows with
cinquefoil heads. Unbuttressed tower is C13 in the 3 lower stages (stages
2 and 3 have no dividing string), but has a crenellated C15 bell-chamber
stage with traceried openings; earlier bell chamber has paired roll-
moulded lancets, and there are small lancets at stage 2 and a very tall
lancet above the Tudor-arched C15/C16 west doorway.
Interior: chancel has a Cl5/early-C16 arch-braced collar-truss roof with 2
rows of windbracing. 2-bay arcade to Pudlicote Aisle is C14
(restored/rebuilt C19), but C13 arch to north chapel survives, as do
similar arches opening from both nave aisles indicating that a matching
transeptal chapel formerly existed to south and that both aisles were
narrower. All 3 arches have stiff-leaf capitals but have lost their
shafts. The fine trefoil-headed piscina with stone shelf, now near the
east end of the Pudlicote Aisle, may have been re-used from the former
transept. North chapel has a richly-moulded C15 roof. Chancel arch
(probably mostly C19)rises from moulded corbels. 3-bay south nave arcade,
of 2 chamfered orders on circular columns, is C13 and probably almost
contemporary with tall tower arch which, however, has altered responds.
C12 north arcade, with plain round arches, has scalloped capitals and
circular columns in the 2 westernmost bays, but the eastern bay, which
could be slightly earlier, has square masonry piers and may mark the site
of transepts in the C12 church. South aisle has a C15/C16 roof rising
from fine corbel heads; north aisle roof is probably a C19 copy. Tower
contains a wooden spiral stair of c.1700 with turned balusters. Early-C20
stained glass in 3 windows. Monuments include 2 early-C18 Baroque wall
tablets commemorating Jenkinsons of Walcot, and an elaborate memorial to
Viscountess Hereford (died 1742) incorporating a draped urn on a
sarcophagus. Fittings include a large late-medieval chest and a pedestal
poor box.
(V.C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vol V, pp 151-2; Buildings of England: Oxfordshire,

Listing NGR: SP3555819429

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.