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Llwyd Mansion, Oswestry

Description: Llwyd Mansion

Grade: I
Date Listed: 10 September 1951
English Heritage Building ID: 255536

OS Grid Reference: SJ2907229620
OS Grid Coordinates: 329072, 329620
Latitude/Longitude: 52.8594, -3.0549

Location: 17 Cross Street, Oswestry, Shropshire SY11 2NG

Locality: Oswestry
County: Shropshire
Country: England
Postcode: SY11 2NG

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Listing Text

SJ 2929 NW OSWESTRY C.P. CROSS STREET (north side)

14/65 Nos. 1 and 3 (Llwyd
- Mansion)


House, with ground floor latterly used as shops, now empty. Mid-
to late C15, re-modelled c. 1604 with later additions and alterations.
Timber frame with plaster infill, partly painted in imitation externally,
late C19 machine tile roof and 2 yellow brick stacks with moulded capping
to back wall. Original plan appears to have comprised 4 units, the
ground and first floors of each unit possibly forming a 2-storey shop,
with an open solar above; now truncated by at least half a bay to Bailey
Street side. 3 storeys and gable-lit attic; framing: close-set vertical
posts with middle rail to second floor and irregular square and rectangular
panels with long straight tension braces to first floor; ground floor
has C20 shop front and brick plinth carried round to left gable end;
this and the front are jettied to first and second floors (and also
formerly to attic gable), the second-floor moulded bressumer is supported
by carved brackets springing from thin wooden posts with cushion capitals,
which rise from first-floor bressumer beneath (evidence for appearance
of first-floor jetty destroyed by insertion of shop front); irregular
fenestration, 3 late C19 casements directly below eaves to second floor,
first floor has wooden mullioned and transomed windows with projecting
moulded cills to left, right and centre and a restored C15 four-light
trefoil-headed window with mouchettes and quatrefoils above between
centre and right windows; immediately to left of centre mullioned and
transomed window is a small blocked 4-light mullion window, probably
also original to building; gable has two 3-light mullioned and transomed
windows with projecting moulded cills to first floor and a similar
4-light window above, small fixed-light window with quatrefoil decoration
below to attic: all the gable windows were, however, considerably
restored and replaced or newly made when this part of the building was
truncated in late C19; plaster roundel to left-hand side of second
floor on front has double-headed eagle (coat-of-arms of Lloyd family)
and the words"LLWYD/1604/MANSION" painted in late C19/C20 lettering.
Interior: interpretation of original lay-out of ground floor difficult
owing to presence of C20 mezzanine [due to be removed at time of re-survey
(August 1985)]; first floor has boxed-in ceiling beams, upward and
downward swinging braces from wall-posts, and dragon beam for jetty
above in left-hand bay; more can be seen on second floor: 3 square-panelled
cross walls have plastered wattle and daub infill but ceiling is later
insertion and this floor was originally open to roof; this is of Queen-strut
construction in 5 bays with both open and closed trusses, curved cusped
windbraces and downward and upward swinging chamfered curved braces to
tie beams from principal rafters and wall-posts respectively. The unusual
arrangement of this house, including the possibility that the second bay
from right was a smoke bay, deserves further study. Scheduled Ancient
Monument, County No. 138, B.O.E. p. 224; Salop County Sites and
Monuments Record PRN 1120; Carole Ryan, personal communication.

Listing NGR: SJ2907229622

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.