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St Winifred's Well, Oswestry Rural

Description: St Winifred's Well

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 19 January 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 255700

OS Grid Reference: SJ3222524432
OS Grid Coordinates: 332225, 324432
Latitude/Longitude: 52.8132, -3.0070

Location: Oswestry Rural, Shropshire SY10 8HY

Locality: Oswestry Rural
County: Shropshire
Country: England
Postcode: SY10 8HY

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Listing Text


10/222 St. Winifred's Well
- (formerly listed as the Well
House in West Felton C.P. )

- II*

Holy well and well house. Probably late C15/early C16 on earlier site,
later additions and alterations. Well: regularly coursed dressed
sandstone blocks; cottage: timber framed with painted brick infill,
slate roof. Cottage is a single-storey T-plan with gable projecting
over well. Framing: massive close-set vertical posts throughout
with V-struts from collar to gable; boarded-over window to left of
central boarded door on north side, integral yellow brick end stack to
right with original shaped window-head below largely obscured by wooden
lean-to. Well: consists of inner chamber over spring beneath cottage
approached through narrow entrance to right; this inner chamber has
a round-headed outer arch over low stone wall with moulded rectangular
(? image) niche above, leading into a rectangular stone basin; this has
a flight of 4 steps to each side and the water drains through a hole in
the wall at the bottom end into a square basin below; this is
also approached by steps to left and right and the water drains through
a hole at its bottom end into the stream below. Interior: inspection
not possible at time of re-survey (July 1985) but said to contain an
arch-braced collar beam roof in 3 bays with cusped struts forming
quatrefoils and cusped wind braces. The well commemorates the miracle
of a spring gushing forth on the spot where the body of the C7 Saint
Winifred rested on its journey from Holywell to Shrewsbury; the present
structure was probably built at the expense of Margaret, Countess of
Beaufort, wife of Henry VII, who also re-built the larger pilgrimage
centre at Holywell. A datestone said to be inscribed 1635 at the right
of the entrance to the well's inner chamber was not visible at time of
re-survey and there is no evidence to support the suggestion that the
structure above the well was once a chapel. B.O.E. p. 323; Trans.
Salop. Arch. Soc. XXVII (1904) pp. 310-12; Salop County Sites and
Monuments Record, PRN 13169.

Listing NGR: SJ3222524432

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.