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Hallhays, Sampford Arundel

Description: Hallhays

Grade: II
Date Listed: 7 August 1986
English Heritage Building ID: 271099

OS Grid Reference: ST1081317752
OS Grid Coordinates: 310813, 117752
Latitude/Longitude: 50.9523, -3.2711

Location: Sampford Arundel, Somerset TA21 9QL

Locality: Sampford Arundel
Local Authority: Taunton Deane Borough Council
County: Somerset
Country: England
Postcode: TA21 9QL

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Listing Text


8/159 Hallhays


Two attached houses, formerly a single farmhouse. C17 and early C19. Three bay C17 cottage extended by large addition at east end in the early C19 to create a large single L-shaped residence. The original building (Hallhayes Cottage) has two storeys and attic; the C19 addition (Hallhayes House) to the right (east) is also of two storeys with attics and cellars.
EXTERIOR: HALLHAYES COTTAGE is a three bay end chimneystack house built largely of roughcast over cob, rubble stone and brick with a roof of double Roman tiles. It has a brick stack to the west gable end which appears to have been rebuilt. The east end stack has been removed and replaced by a large stack to the C19 addition. It has two storeys and an attic. In plan it consists of a two cell and cross passage with a later single storey outshut to the rear (north). The fenestration has been replaced and consists of C19 and C20 timber casements. Set slightly off-centre in the front elevation is an entrance porch with a pitched roof; there is a further porch in the west gable end. The south west corner of the building has been rebuilt in brick.
Built at a slight angle against the east gable wall of the cottage is the C19 addition, now a separate dwelling known as HALLHAYES HOUSE. It is of much greater proportions than the attached cottage and its construction led to the downgrading of the cottage to a service range. The walls, probably rubble stone, are rendered and the roof is of slate with decorative ridge tiles and overhanging eaves. There are brick end stacks and a further large stack to the rear. The principal elevation faces east. It is of three bays and has a central entrance beneath a porch with entablature supported on free-standing timber Doric columns, said to be cut from ships' masts. The six panel door and panelled reveals are C19; with a blocked fanlight above. To either side is a six over six sash window with eight pane sash windows above. The south gable wall has six over six sash windows to the ground and first floors; a six pane sash window lights the attic. There is a single twelve pane sash in the rear (west) elevation. The north gable wall has a single storey lean-to extension and a C20 conservatory, with sash windows to the first and attic floors.
INTERIOR: Hallhayes Cottage has an open hearth with large timber bressumer and chamfered beams with run out stops in the right hand room. The fireplace in the left hand room is a later replacement. The roof has been repaired and reinforced over the centuries, but retains some earlier carpentry including two large trusses. Hallhayes House has an open well staircase with plain balusters. Its principal ground floor rooms retain folding window shutters, timber wall panelling, decorative ceiling roses, and ornate mid to late C19 fireplaces with marble surrounds. There are said to be C19 wall paintings in the dining room (right hand room); but if they do exist, they are now covered over. The openings at ground and first floor levels which provided access between the cottage and the C19 addition were blocked when the two were divided into separate properties; however cupboards in Hallhayes House still indicate their position. A plain timber staircase leads to the attics which were formerly used as servants' accommodation. It has a king post roof with two rows of staggered purlins.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: To the west of Hallhayes Cottage is a single storey outbuilding which is rectangular in plan and is built largely of cob. The roof has been re-covered in corrugated sheeting. To the rear (north) of Hallhayes House is a simple rubble stone built privy with a single pitched roof of corrugated sheeting and a range of rubble stone outbuildings.
HISTORY: This site has quite a complex history and is believed to have been owned by a Bristol ship-owner during part of the C19 when it was known as Hall Hayes. The later addition appears to date from the early C19 although some sources suggest that it was built in the 1780s. The existing C17 cottage was incorporated into the building and used as the service range, although it was later converted to a milking parlour with a grain store above.
Hallhayes remained a single dwelling until 1986 when it was divided into two properties.
SOURCES: Tithe Map of Sampford Arundel (1840)
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANCE: Hallhayes Cottage and Hallhayes House represent an unusual example of a C17 three bay cross passage house which was retained, but downgraded to a service range, following the construction of a substantial attached two storey house in the early C19. There is clear evidence relating to the development of both phases of construction and their plan forms remain legible. The cottage, with its simple plan form, retains historic fabric including an inglenook fireplace and some internal joinery, while the later addition adds further interest and also retains many internal features such as stairs, panelling and ornate fireplaces.

Listing NGR: ST1080317753

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.