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Biddulph Grange, Biddulph

Description: Biddulph Grange

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 20 March 1974
English Heritage Building ID: 275207

OS Grid Reference: SJ8923459207
OS Grid Coordinates: 389234, 359207
Latitude/Longitude: 53.1299, -2.1623

Location: 2 Grange Road, Biddulph, Staffordshire ST8 7TZ

Locality: Biddulph
Local Authority: Staffordshire Moorlands District Council
County: Staffordshire
Country: England
Postcode: ST8 7TZ

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Listing Text

SJ 85 NE
7/2 Biddulph Grange

Country house. The house of 1848-60 for John Bateman overlays an earlier
farmhouse; virtually replaced by the present grandiloquent mansion of
1897 by John Bower. The former is yellow brick and render with slate
roofs, the latter is built of sandstone ashlar with lead roofs and brick
chimneys. The style employed is a revived English Baroque. Garden front:
in 3 parts: the Main Elevation is 3 storeys rising in centre to attic
storey under pediment; second floor cill-string, cornice and parapet,
balustraded between sides and centre which have urn finials. 10-bay
front with outer and central 2-bay breaks flanked by pilasters, the centre
break has also a central pilaster. Glazing bar sashes in architraves,
cornices to first floor centre windows, antae to centre of window heads
of outer bays; alternate triangular and segmental pediments to ground
floor windows in pairs; understated entrance to left in architrave and
with bracketted cornice. Irregularly placed balustraded tower (?belvedere
or water tower) to right of centre and set back unbalances the composition.
To left, one of the surviving portions of Bateman's house, 2 storeys,
raised quoins, Italianate, irregular 2+2 window arrangement with 2 full-
height hipped square bays (tripartite windows); principal feature is the
projecting semi-circular-headed domed porch to left with paired columns
and full entablature marking the position of Bateman's study; the left-
hand wing is set back and has round-headed plate-glass sashes in rusticated
surrounds. To right, further projecting irregular bay of 2 round-arch
windows and corbelled balcony, decorative frieze and cornice all built
out over a garden path. Entrance front: 3 parts to right of 3 storeys
project progressively towards the centre and elaborate port-cochère round-
arched with twinned Corinthian columns set back from angles surmounted
by balustraded parapet with urn finials. Interior: the 1897 house has
a splendid staircase with massive marble Ionic columns embraced by semi-
circular bays of a balustraded landing and 3-tiered staircase behind with
stained glass lighting first landing; coffered ceiling to otherwise
plain hall. More important is Bateman's study to the south, French-
inspired. Parquet floor, part-mirrored walls, flat-domed centre to
ceiling and much gilt enrichment; pedimented doorcases. The room is
set behind the domed porch and over the cascade of steps (q.v.) which
lead out to Bateman's miniature landscape park. John Bateman, the
horticulturist, started Biddulph Grange in 1848 from an unpromising
farmhouse set in a marsh. He had already commenced his horticultural
career at his Father.'s house, Knypersley Hall (q.v.), notably the culture
of orchids. Although the architect of Biddulph Grange is unknown, much of
Bateman's enterprise was worked out with his friend, the painter E.W. Cooke,
with whom he shared a passion for ferns. Work was completed to both house
and gardens by 1860; Bateman, having exhausted his funds derived from his
Father's pump manufactury, was forced to relinquish it. Heath, a mine
owner purchased the house and had it considerably enlarged after a severe
fire, completing the work in 1897, the year of Bateman's death.

Listing NGR: SJ8923459207

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.