Description: Grand Stairs and Grotto, 50 Metres West of Shrubland Hall
Date Listed: 9 December 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 279218
OS Grid Reference: TM1256152523
OS Grid Coordinates: 612561, 252523
Latitude/Longitude: 52.1301, 1.1042
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BARHAM SHRUBLAND ESTATE
TM 15 SW
3/25 Grand stairs and Grotto,
50m west of Shrubland
Staircase leading down from The Balcony Garden to the Lower Panel Garden.
C.1850; a part of the landscaping works by Sir Charles Barry for Sir W.F.
Middleton, Bart. White limestone, modelled upon gardens at the Villa D'Este,
Tivoli, Italy. The main body of the stairs is in 4 straight flights; at the
head of each flight is a bay on either side, and the open balustrading with
turned balusters here bears a pair of vases. Beside each flight is a stone-
lined channel whose outer wall has piers with terracotta urns. At the foot of
the fourth flight the stairs divide into two geometric flights, the
balustrading terminating at swag-enriched urns on drum plinths. A balcony at
the head of the lowest flights has a grotto formed at its base: the rusticated
walling has an arched opening with a mask-carved keystone and a flanking pair
of sunk panels with swags. From the orifice a stream is designed to flow over
natural rocks into a pool. There are in all 115 steps, but the feature is
known colloquially as "The 100 Steps". A major feature of what is widely
considered to be the finest large C19 garden in Suffolk. The lower part of
the stair-case is in the Parish of Coddenham.
Listing NGR: TM1256152523
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.