Description: The Mercant House
Date Listed: 12 January 1973
English Heritage Building ID: 281500
OS Grid Reference: TM1722263268
OS Grid Coordinates: 617222, 263268
Latitude/Longitude: 52.2248, 1.1790
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DEBENHAM GRACE CHURCH STREET
TM 16 SE
6/76 No.24 (The Merchant
12/1/73 House) (formerly listed
as Nos. 22 & 24)
House. Late C14; parlour cell C15, largely reconstructed late C17. Renovated
1970's. Timber framed with smooth render. Pantiled roof, half-hipped to
right with a gablet. Right gable end has a plinth of coursed flint rubble.
This work extends under part of the house and may be the C12 foundations of St
Mary of Grace church. 3-cell form with former open hall. Mainly
reconstructed mullioned windows, the tall hall window moved slightly from its
original position. Former shop window to right has boarded shutter. Lower
window in right gable end has pent roof. Cross-entry has plank door dated
1694, brought from elsewhere. One raking dormer to left. Internal stack has
plain axial shaft. Interior. Medieval frame has reverse-curved braces. In
rear wallplate a stop-splayed scarf joint with undersquinted and sallied butts
and face pegs. Open truss retains head of C14 crown-post with thick 4-way
bracing; cruciform shaft of post is mid C20 (to original profile); the tie
beam is a replacement re-using the old braces. Remainder of medieval roof
largely intact, the half-hipped end a mid C20 reconstruction. Collar purlin
has a stop-splayed scarf with square butts. Stack inserted into upper end of
hall in early C16, replacing a timber flue: back-to-back fireplaces on ground
floor. Inserted ceiling of same date has chamfered joists. Parlour has late
C17 ceiling: heavy beam with nicked ogee stop-chamfers, small square joists.
Service partition largely reconstructed. 2-centre arched doorway to rear, one
of the blades original. Joists in service end are mostly mid C20 imports from
a house in Colchester; they have stencilled quatrefoils and Tudor roses.
Solid-tread stair at service end also brought from elsewhere.
Listing NGR: TM1722263268
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.