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West Stow Hall, West Stow

Description: West Stow Hall

Grade: I
Date Listed: 14 July 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 284184

OS Grid Reference: TL8159270879
OS Grid Coordinates: 581592, 270879
Latitude/Longitude: 52.3060, 0.6621

Location: Icklingham Road, West Stow, Suffolk IP28 6EY

Locality: West Stow
Local Authority: St Edmundsbury Borough Council
County: Suffolk
Country: England
Postcode: IP28 6EY

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Listing Text

In the entry for WEST STOW THE STREET
6/60 West Stow Hall

The item shall be amended to read WEST STOW ICKLINGHAM ROAD
West Stow Hall



6/60 West Stow Hall
- I

House and gatehouse. Early C16 and later. 2 storeys. Part red brick, part
timber-framed, part white brick, all with plaintiled roofs. Gatehouse of circa
1520, built by Sir John Crofts, Master of the Horse to the sister of Henry
VIII, Mary Tudor, who was briefly Queen of France, and subsequently the wife of
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. Her arms, quartered with those of Charles
Brandon, have been placed over the gateway. Red brick end walls with 3 storey
polygonal turrets at the corners. The turrets have blank panels with double
trefoil heads, and cruciform loopholes: ogee crocketed pinnacles with figural
finials. The centre between the 2 turrets has a stepped gable. The simple
arched doorway has a panel of diaper-pattern moulded brick above with traces of
stucco, and between it and a C20 replacement window to the top storey is a
panel with Mary Tudor's arms set into it. The upper side walls of the
gatehouse are in timber-framing with brick nogging, much restored, jettied out
over an open brick arcade. The upper storey is divided into 2 rooms, with a
chimney-stack between them. During C19 restoration some Elizabethan wall-
paintings were discovered on the eastern side of the stack. These depict in
naive form, a hunting scene and the 4 Ages of Man: a young man out hunting,
inscribed 'This do I all the day'; a man embracing a woman - 'Thus do I while I
may'; a middle-aged man looking on - 'Thus did I when I might'; and a bent old
man, leaning on his stick, who says 'Good Lord, will this world last ever'. A
depression in the ground indicates that the gatehouse originally spanned a
moat, which is said to have surrounded the whole site. The gatehouse is linked
to the house by a late C16 colonnade of red brick, with a timber-framed upper
storey containing a single long room, possibly intended as a long gallery. The
colonnade has 9 semi-circular-headed arches with keystones, and demi-columns
inside, all with remains of original render. 2 similar arches were introduced
into each side of the ground storey of the gatehouse. Nothing remains of the
medieval house reputed to have been on the site, and all that survives of a
building contemporary with the gatehouse are 3 bays including, and to the north
of, the main entrance. The jettied upper storey is timber-framed with brick
nogging, the jetty underbuilt in early C19 white brick. Remains of moulded
mullions to the upper storey: bressummer with running leaf carving. Plaintiles.
alternating with bands of fishscale tiling. At the end of the range, a large
chimney-stack with a recessed panel with trefoiled decoration on the high base,
similar to that on the gatehouse, and the bases of 3 barrel shafts, repaired in
plain rectangular form. This stack was internal, and the frame continued for at
least 2 more bays to the north. Inside, a 2½ bay hall is partitioned-off
from a C19 corridor: main cross-beams with a complex roll-moulding, and joists
with ogee-mould and leaf stops. Beside the chimney-stack, 2 wide carved
spandrels indicate an original archway or window. Behind the stack, in a later
backhouse, a main beam with carved cresting and housings for joists and a
trimmer. At right-angles to this range is another, aligned east-west: encased
in white brick, dentil cornice, small-paned sash windows in square bays with
tiled lean-to roofs to ground storey, tripartite sashes in deep reveals to
upper storey. The interior is timber-framed, with plain early C17 ceilings,
ovolo-moulded mullions, and much reused timber. The house was described as
'now a farmhouse' in the early C19 (cf. 'Excursions in Suffolk' 1819).

Listing NGR: TL8159270879

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.