British Listed Buildings

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The Windmill, Herstmonceux

Description: The Windmill

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 13 October 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 295374

OS Grid Reference: TQ6470612154
OS Grid Coordinates: 564706, 112154
Latitude/Longitude: 50.8854, 0.3402

Location: A271, Herstmonceux, East Sussex BN27 4RS

Locality: Herstmonceux
Local Authority: Wealden District Council
County: East Sussex
Country: England
Postcode: BN27 4RS

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Listing Text

TQ 6412

37/389 Windmill Hill Windmill

13.10.52 II

The entry shall be amended to read;

(north side) Windmill Hill
The Windmill
II* (star)

Post type windmill. Built c1814 by the Lewes mill-wright,
Medhurst. It is the largest postmill in the country as regards
body size, with a basic floor area of 21' 3"x 12' 3" plus 1'
6" projection on the windward face, at 48ft the tallest
windmill in Sussex and the last remaining mill in England to
possess the remains of a centrifugal governor system for
controlling the sail area, though at the time of inspection
this had been removed for safekeeping elsewhere. It comprises
a 2 storey tarred Flemish bond brickwork roundhouse with sash
windows and a 3 storey timber-framed body with ogee head clad
in weatherbording and further clad in sheet iron on the
weather sides. Most of the ladder and part of the tailpiece
survives but the sails are missing. The roundhouse contains on
the ground floor the bases of 4 brick piers supporting the
main post and trestle on the first floor and a heavily joisted
ceiling. The first floor has the crosstrees, quarterbars and
main post carved with the date 1856 and bins for steam driven
stones built on the quarterbars. The body bottom floor has the
upper part of the main post supporting the crowntreee, an
oscillating sieve grader and the bottom of the wire cylinder
flour dresser, a wire cylinder grain cleaner and extractor
fan, the complete tentering gear and governor to tail
millstones, part of the tentering gear to the head stones,
part of the meal bins and the horse to the millstone tun. The
body first floor has the cast iron windshaft carrying the
brake wheel and tailwheel, the tail millstones (bedstones in
place, runner stone resting on crowntree), driving quants and
bevel pinions to both sets of stones, wire cylinder flour
dressing machine and driving gears fairly complete and
transverse shaft with pinion and pulley for driving the flour
dresser from the brake wheel. The body second floor contains
the top of the brake wheel with pinion and pulley to drive the
sack hoist, the sack hoist bollard and pulley, various bins to
feed the millstones and flour dresser and part of the
centrifugal governor system for sail regulation. This mill
never had a tailpole but was turned to the wind by pushing the
body round manually using the tailpole. It ceased turning in
1893 when steam-driven stones were set up in the roundhouse.


Windmill Hill Windmill
TQ 6412 37/389 13.10.52


Post type. Probably late C18. Built by the Lewes mill-wright, Medhurst,
and said to have been the largest post mill in Sussex. Two storeyed roundhouse
of tarred brick. The mill itself is covered with sheets of metal, now very
rusty. Sweeps and fantail missing. Machinery said to be intact.

Listing NGR: TQ6470612154

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.