Description: Hoadley's Farmhouse
Date Listed: 31 December 1982
English Heritage Building ID: 296937
OS Grid Reference: TQ5073932485
OS Grid Coordinates: 550739, 132485
Latitude/Longitude: 51.0719, 0.1502
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In the entry for:
1. WITHYAM HOADLEY'S LANE
TQ 53 SW 13/178
Not now a farm. Small C16 timber-framed building with plaster infilling. Some
of the timbering is exposed in the gable of the north wall, but it is now mostly
tile-hung. Tiled roof. Casement windows. Two storeys. Two windows. Modern
ground floor extension to the east.
The entry shall be amended to read:
TQ 53 SW WITHYHAM HOADLEY'S LANE
4/178 Hoadley's Farmhouse
House, formerly a farmhouse. Probably late C14 or early C15, smoke-bay and
floor inserted in hall in circa C16, stack inserted in smoke-bay in C17; service
end rebuilt in early C20 extended in circa mid C2O.
Large frame timber-framing, partly tile hung on first floor and partly tile-
hung and brick on the ground floor. Steeply-pitched plain tile hipped roof
with gablets at either end. Brick axial stack with short red brick shaft to
left (south) of centre and a C19 brick axial stack towards right hand end.
Plan and development: The house is on a north-south axis (approximately) and
faces east. What remains of the original house is the 2-bay (wider higher end
bay) open hall and unheated parlour to the left (south) with a solar alcove
jettied at the left (south) end. The right hand (north) service end has been
demolished. In circa C16 the wider higher end bay of the open hall was floored
leaving a smoke-bay backing onto the screens passage at the lower left end (coeval
smoke-bay bressumer and ceiling beams). In circa C17 a brick stack was inserted
into the smoke-bay. The screens passage has been blocked by a later partition
behind the smoke-bay. It is not certain when the right hand service end was
demolished but there is a photograph of circa 1880 (Payne and Batchelore) showing
the house without a service end. It was rebuilt in the early C10 with a shallow
depth plan and only 1 storey. In circa mid C20 it was heightened to 2 storeys,
a small wing added at the rear and a porch added to the lower right hand (north)
end. The main porch of the house was also added in circa mid C20 to the front
doorway and the partition between the hall and parlour might have been removed
at this time.
Exterior: 2 storeys. Asymmetrical east front with a large C20 gabled 2-storey
tile-hung porch at the centre. All the windows on the east front are C19 metal-
frame casements with small panes except for the first floor window to the right
of the porch and the ground floor extreme right-hand window which are C20.
At the rear (west) an asymmetrical 1:3 window front, left hand set back is early
C20 addition. C20 metal frame casements except for ground floor left and first
floor which are C19 metal frame casements with small panes. The first floor
of the west elevation has exposed large framing with a tension brace at the
right hand end.
The left hand (south) end is jettied out on the first floor
on 3 curved brackets. Tile-hung on the first floor where there are 2x2-light
casements, the left hand C20, the right hand late C19 metal frame casement with
small panes. The ground floor windows are C20 casements.
Interior: The hall ceiling beams and smoke-bay bresumer are similarily chamfered
and stopped with cyma stops indicating that they are coeval. The inserted brick
stack has a chamfered timber lintel to the fireplace with run-out stops. The
partition between the hall and parlour has been removed but it originally had
a doorway at the right hand end to the parlour and its bressumer (dais beam)
has a cavetto -ovolo-fillet moulding on the hall side only. The parlour has
original rough joists only 3 of which continue to support the jetty.
Roof: The 2-bay hall has a crown-post roof. The relatively tall crown-post
is square with wide chamfered corners (not octagonal) and the simple moulded
cap and base are also square. The collar-purlin is trenched into the top of
the crown-post which has 4 square-section curved braces to the collar and collar-
purlin but no braces at the base to the tie-beams. The chamfered cambered tie-
beam (exposed in the hall chamber) has curved braces. The common rafters and
collar joints are dove-tail halvings. The roof timbers over the hall are complete
and heavily encrusted with soot from the open hearth fire. The framed partition
at the higher end of the hall has curved tension braces and wattle and daub
infilling up to the apex; it is smoke-blackened on the hall side only. The
roof over the solar has some of its original collar-rafter structure remaining
but it is not smoke-blackened. The lower end bay of the hall has an inserted
smoke-bay of wattle and daub construction blackened on the inside only, and
inside the smoke-bay an inserted red brick stack of mid to late C17 date.
Historical note: There was a dwelling here in 1151 (Sussex Place Names) and
it was part of the Manor of Buckhurst until sold by Earl de la Warr in the 1930s.
Hoadley's Farmhouse has a good example of an inserted smoke-bay and stack in
an open hall which clearly illustrates the evolution of a small medieval house.
In spite of the loss of the service end and the minor C20 additions the house
is largely complete.
Source of the old photograph: Payne and Batchelore, Bygone Crowborough.
WITHYHAM HOADLEY'S LANE
TQ 53 SW 13/178
Not now a farm. Small C16 timber-framed building with plaster infilling.
Some of the timbering is exposed in the gable of the north wall, but it is
now mostly tile-hung. Tiled roof. Casement windows. Two storeys. Two windows.
Modern ground floor extension to the east.
Listing NGR: TQ5073932485
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.