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West Kennet Farmhouse, Avebury

Description: West Kennet Farmhouse

Grade: II
Date Listed: 30 May 1989
English Heritage Building ID: 311632

OS Grid Reference: SU1118468294
OS Grid Coordinates: 411184, 168294
Latitude/Longitude: 51.4136, -1.8406

Location: A4, Avebury, Wiltshire SN8 1QF

Locality: Avebury
County: Wiltshire
Country: England
Postcode: SN8 1QF

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Listing Text

SU 16 tfd
(south side)
West Kennet Farmhouse


Farmhouse. C17 origins, C18 extension and C19 modification. Large squared
and coursed sarson stone, some brick and brick stacks, plain tile roof. An
L-plan not now easy to decipher, but may have been a 3-room cross passage
original, running north-east, to which a return wing added, running east-west,
or possibly this wing was an original service end. There is no early
staircase, but it was probably associated with the large stack in the
cross-passage wing. In two storeys; the interior arms of the L have; in early
wing each floor has 2 and 3-light casements to late C19 brick segmental heads,
off centre, left, a 6-panel fielded door to flat hood on brackets. Plain
gable return, left, to small brick stack. Interior face of return wing has a
2 and a 3-light casement at each level, and a blocked opening to former door.
To the right a lower extension with hipped roof, and panelled door. Outer, or
east face of early wing has 1+ 3 windows, mainly 2-light casements, one of
these in former door opening to cross passage, now with brick below, and, far
left, a one storey canted bay with 4-pane sashes. The hipped return gives to
the south elevation which has at ground floor a 2-light casement, a C20 door
under tiled lean-to, small single light, and a pair of French doors on 2
steps. First floor has two2-light and one single light casements. Brick and
part boarded extension to left. Brick stack to original outer gable, and at
ridge on return at right end. Interior: room beyond stone flagged passage has
2 rough chamfered beams, and C19 shutters to one window. Centre room has
large bressummer fireplace in C18 or early C19 brickwork, and 2 transverse
chamfered beams to lamb's tongue stops. The end room, with canted bay, has
C20 fireplace probably concealing earlier one of interest, and one beam with
beaded edge. The return wing has good 5-panel fielded door to stair, and
central dairy or pantry with splat 'baluster' ventilation over panelling to
corridor giving to stone flagged room with secondary lower space in brick
flooring, here also is a spine beam with chamfer, carried through only part of
width of lower unit. Large end room as kitchen to stone flagged floor, 2
transverse beams. Added room beyond has pump and tanks. First floor rooms
have little historical detail in evidence; the dog-leg stair is C19, with a
short run of turned baluster balustrade at the top, and with a raised area,
similar to a landing but at a higher level, between stair and outer wall.
Roofs throughout are very good pegged and numbered collar principals; in the
east wing the collars have central section cut out in basket-handle form; two
purlins. Here, as throughout, good wide early boarding to floors, and two
spine beams with chamfer, set upside-down. At the hipped return is a
plastered tympanum, above a diagonal collar with cut-out. Early rafters
throughout. 4 bays plus splay to each roof.

Listing NGR: SU1118468294

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.