Description: Lydiard Park
Date Listed: 17 January 1955
English Heritage Building ID: 318702
OS Grid Reference: SU1037384753
OS Grid Coordinates: 410373, 184753
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5616, -1.8517
SU 18 SW SWINDON
3/42 Lydiard Park
Mansion. Medieval, C17 and 1745-9 (date stone in attic), last
remodelling attributed to Roger Morris (C. Hussey) for John, 2nd
Viscount St. John. Stone, ashlar Bath stone for remodelling, stone
slate and lead roofs Inferred late medieval building of hall and
cross wings. In C17 cross wings extended to H-plan. Mid C18
remodelling confined to south and east fronts, forming central hall
and interconnecting state rooms, library, dining and drawing rooms.
Main stair to rear of hall in earlier structure. Facade strictly
Palladian, based on Houghton Hall. 2-storey with 3-storey quoined
corner towers. 11 bays, centre 3 broken forward with pediment
rising through roof balustrade and containing St. John arms and
motto SANCTUS IN TERRA BEATUS IN COELO. Central doorcase Roman
Doric, pedimented with pair of glazed doors and lobed fanlight.
16-pane sashes to ground floor, 9-pane above, all restored. Ground
floor windows with pediment. 3rd and 9th windows with flat
cornice. East elevation 7 bays, window corniced only at centre.
Interior: 7 state rooms, all of highest quality, 6 panel doors in
broken and lugged doorcases with carved pulvinated frieze and
plaster ceilings throughout. Flying stair to rear of hall, 3
twisted balusters to each step. First floor rooms with dentilled
cornices only. Left Ante-room: dentilled cornice. Painted marbled
fireplace. Open pedimented overmantel. Library: Original
bookcases, broke forward, with broken pediments and busts. Open
pedimented fireplace, marble with coloured marble columns and
frieze. Geometric panelled plaster ceiling. Hall: Coved ceiling.
Dentilled cornice. Limestone chimneypiece of tapered pilasters
with masks. Dining Room: Recess divided by Ionic columns. Rococo
ceiling. Garlanded overmantle with broken pediment. Parlour:
Rectangular panelled plaster ceiling, joists carved with fruit.
Kentian carved Carrara marble fireplace with herm in-profile
supporters. Mirrors. Ballroom: Recessed divided by Corinthian
columns. Rococo ceiling. Dentilled cornice. Marble fireplace
with wood overmantle, Corinthian pilasters and broken pediment with
basket of flowers. Ante-room: Coffered apse. Plaster ceiling.
Small marble fireplace. C17 painted glass in apse window, probably
by Abraham van Linge. (Official Guide by Thamesdown Corporation. C.
Hussey; Country Life, 19-20. Mar 1948; M. Archer: The Painted Glass
of Lydiard Tregoze ). Plan in NMR. BB70, 6956.
Listing NGR: SU1036884761
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.