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Walled Garden and Orangery, Croft-on-Tees

Description: Walled Garden and Orangery

Grade: II
Date Listed: 29 January 1988
English Heritage Building ID: 322671

OS Grid Reference: NZ2605806682
OS Grid Coordinates: 426058, 506682
Latitude/Longitude: 54.4549, -1.5996

Location: Croft-on-Tees, North Yorkshire DL2 2TJ

Locality: Croft-on-Tees
Local Authority: Richmondshire District Council
County: North Yorkshire
Country: England
Postcode: DL2 2TJ

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Listing Text

NZ 20 NE
8/32 Walled Garden and


Walled garden and former orangery. Mid C18. For Ralph Milbanke of Halnaby
Hall. Red brick in English garden wall bond with brown sandstone ashlar
dressings and wrought-iron gates. Wall approximately 3 metres high,
quadrangular in plan, with gateway in centre of south side and orangery in
centre of north side. The wall has been increased in height approximately
500 mm and has ashlar coping. In the west wall is a board door in
segmental-arched opening about one-quarter way from south-west corner. In
the centre of the south side the walls sweep sharply down to a gateway, with
attached ashlar gate piers of chamfered rusticated quoin strips flanking
plain Tuscan pilaster with horizontal tooling to north and south, on
chamfered bases and with cornice capitals above plain frieze; the
easternmost capital dismantled at the time of the resurvey. The gates,
stored elsewhere at the time of the resurvey, have square bars with
corkscrew finials at the top and inverted-V-shaped finials to intermediate
bars above central scrolled decorative panels; one gate has a small wicket
section; the upper cross-piece has ligatured initials of Ralph Milbanke
readable from both sides, and with a 3-dimensional arrangement of branches
with leaves and fruit. In centre of north side the orangery, comprising a
semicircular recess in garden wall with side walls projecting forwards and
roofed projection to rear; in front of it an ashlar terrace with moulded
edge and protective C20 screen wall of glazed panels in brickwork
(incomplete at time of resurvey). At either end of this, rusticated ashlar
piers terminating the side walls which rise rearwards to similar, taller
piers with pedimented capitals. In the centre, a C20 perspex protective
half-dome set against a boarded gable. Rear of orangery: on ground and
first floors, 2 side-sliding sash windows with flat arches, the ground-floor
window frames incomplete; rear wall rises to form swept gable, formerly with
apex chimney; coped gables; pitched roof of Westmorland slates. Inside the
orangery, paved floor continuous with terrace; half-dome over recess has
decorative plasterwork with cornice with bead-and-reel and rope motifs,
half-quatrefoils with ribbon, acanthus leaf and shell motifs, and in the
centre a concave quatrefoil. The wall containing the recess was heated,
having cavity and stoke-holes reached from rear part of orangery (one
stoke-hole later blocked, the other used for C19 boiler). The first floor
of the rear part of the orangery, reached by ladder, has racks for storing
fruit behind slatted partitions to protect it from vermin. Sacking, stored
on rollers, and surviving in a fragmentary condition, was moved into
position to protect fruit trees in orangery from frosts. To the right of
the orangery are 3 altered windows to bothy behind wall and not of special
interest. To the left of the orangery, a segmental-arched doorway with C18
wrought-iron gate of square bars, inverted-V-shaped finials to the
intermediate bars above a scrolled central panel; added on the top, and now
detached, the initials of John Todd who bought the Halnaby estate in 1843.
Lead rainwater pipes and heads on the orangery, since stolen, were cast with
a date in the 1750s.

Listing NGR: NZ2605806682

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.