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Foulbridge Farmhouse and Attached Cottage, Snainton

Description: Foulbridge Farmhouse and Attached Cottage

Grade: I
Date Listed: 20 July 1981
English Heritage Building ID: 327404

OS Grid Reference: SE9140279438
OS Grid Coordinates: 491402, 479438
Latitude/Longitude: 54.2026, -0.6003

Locality: Snainton
Local Authority: Scarborough Borough Council
County: North Yorkshire
Country: England
Postcode: YO13 9AZ

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Listing Text

(south side, off)

9/85 Foulbridge Farmhouse and
attached cottage

- I

House and attached cottage incorporating former aisled hall. C13 hall,
originally aisled and open to roof, probably floored in C15; roof altered
early C19. C18 cottage; early C19 house, with later extensions to rear.
Restored and renovated 1986. Aisled hall formed Preceptory of Knights
Templars. Timber-framed hall now encased in roughly squared sandstone;
cottage and rear of house roughly squared sandstone, much re-used. House of
pink-cream brick in garden wall bond to front and sides. Concrete pantile
roof with brick stacks. House central stairhall, double-depth plan, rear
range incorporating 3 bays of hall. Cottage to left, forming 4-room cross
wing, incorporates 1 bay of hall. House front to right of 2 storeys and 3
windows; hall set back to left with 2 full-height windows; single window
gable end of cross wing projects at end left. House: part-glazed door
beneath cornice porch on chamfered posts, and 16-pane sashes, are C20
replacements. Painted wedge lintels to ground-floor openings and painted
timber lintels to first floor. Painted stone sills to all windows. Coped
gables and shaped kneelers to both ranges of M-shaped roof. End stacks to
front range and end right stack to rear. Hall to left has two C20 full-
height windows with square lattice lights and renewed painted stone sills
and lintels. Left return: gable end of hall flanked by lower 2-storey
ranges forming cottage. C20 half-glazed door to centre right and plank door
to centre left. C20 windows in altered openings. Right return: 2-storey,
3-window front. Original doorway to centre now blocked by 8-pane sash with
similar window above. Remaining windows are 16-pane sashes. All windows
are C20 replacements. Plain coped parapet partly obscures M-shaped roof.
Interior. Hall: substantial remains of a 3-bay hall, formerly aisled, with
further half-bay and traces of possible cross bay at cottage end. Much of
the later inserted floor removed during restoration, with sections left at
each end to provide galleries. 4 pairs of square section posts survive,
moulded on all sides and carved with attached shafts and capitals. Posts
originally braced to arcade plates by double arched braces forming 2-centred
arcade, as shown in rear wall of first bay. 4 trusses, numbered from house
end, of which the fourth survives almost complete. Double arched braces to
cambered strainer beam forming 2-centred arches: strainer beam linked to the
tie beam by 3 short struts, 2 raked. Cambered tie beam supports the crown
post which originally had 4-way braces to collars and collar purlin. Collars
and collar braces removed when the hall roof was lowered, retaining the
collar purlin as ridge piece and re-using some original rafters. Collar
purlin braces survive to ridge piece. Tie beams and crown posts of
remaining trusses survive with mortices indicating their similarity to the
fourth truss. A form of cross bay truss springs from the capital of the
fourth truss, and consists of chamfered arched braces to a cambered tie
beam. The tie beam supports a short jowled post with a mortice, which
carries the half-bay truss at the cottage end of the hall. Of the half-bay
truss the tie beam, post and one brace remain. Against the end wall is a
massive stone fireplace with a chamfered, Tudor-arched lintel. Attached
roughly to the cross bay truss are the purlins of the later cross wing roof.
A section of plank and muntin partition and a door with butterfly hinges
survive in the cross wing. Beyond the partition to the right a C17 cupboard
door with butterfly hinges and carved surround has been reset in the outer
wall. To the left, is a second cupboard door with butterfly hinges. House:
ground floor - open-string staircase with reeded balusters, moulded, ramped-
up handrail wreathed around turned newel at foot, and scrolled tread-ends.
Panelled front door recess and hall doors of 6 raised and fielded panels.
Room to right - reeded ceiling cornice with rosettes to corners. Room to
left - segment-arched recess to rear with reeded architrave; reeded ceiling
cornice. First floor - ceiling rose in plaster to landing. Room to right -
basket grate with anthemion mouldings. All front window recesses are
panelled and shuttered. The formerly aisled hall is all that remains of the
Preceptory of the Knights Templar, founded about 1226. As such it provides
a unique surviving example of this type of timber-framed hall in the north
of England. Historical source: unpublished notes by Mr F Rimington of the
Scarborough Archaeological Society, in the possession of the owners of the
property. Undergoing renovation at time of resurvey.

Listing NGR: SE9140279438

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.