British Listed Buildings

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St Leonard's Tower, West Malling

Description: St Leonard's Tower

Grade: I
Date Listed: 30 November 1993
English Heritage Building ID: 392446

OS Grid Reference: TQ6759157081
OS Grid Coordinates: 567591, 157081
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2882, 0.4020

Location: 108 Saint Leonard's Street, West Malling ME19 6PF

Locality: West Malling
Local Authority: Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council
County: Kent
Country: England
Postcode: ME19 6PF

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There is also a scheduled monument, Tower Keep Castle at West Malling, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.

Explore more of the area around West Malling, Kent at Explore Britain.

Listing Text


1156-0/2/128 St Leonard's Tower


Former castle, Built by Gundulf Bishop of Rochester 1077-1108
as his fortified residence or castle. It is one of the best
examples extant of an Early Norman Keep. Built of stone with
tufa dressings, 32ft square at the base, 60ft high on its
north and east faces and 70 ft on the 2 other faces, the
difference due to the inclined surface of the rocky shelf on
which it is built. Corner buttresses. 3 stages. The 1st stage
has traces of herringbone-work. Central buttress to left side
elevation. 2nd stage has 5 round-headed arches on the east
side, only the central one open, the rest blank. 2nd stage has
2 round-headed arches to east side and one to south side. West
side has round-headed entrance to ground floor, round-headed
arch to first and second floors and loop lights to buttresses.
North side has 1 round-headed window.
Internal evidence to suggest there were upper and lower
floors, the lower only about 5ft above ground level.
(Buildings of England: Newman J: West Kent and the Weald:

Listing NGR: TQ6759157081

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.