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Description: The Old Pest House
Date Listed: 12 April 1973
English Heritage Building ID: 461273
OS Grid Reference: TL3209113227
OS Grid Coordinates: 532091, 213227
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8021, -0.0857
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TL3213SW BYDE STREET, Bengeo
817-1/15/275 (West side)
12/04/73 The Old Pest House
(Formerly Listed as:
The Pest House)
House, built as isolation hospital. Mid C18, altered and
embellished late C19. Red brick, Flemish bond, old tiled roof
with brick parapeted ends, and half Dutch gables at rear.
Elaborate brick chimneystacks left and right with moulded
bands and oversailing caps. Central raised tilehung
flat-roofed rear extension above lower slope of low swept-slip
EXTERIOR: first floor has outer 3-light, centre 2-light
small-panel iron casement windows with projecting frames and
moulded embattled heads raised on cut profiled corner
brackets. Plat band at first-floor level. Ground floor has 2
projecting moulded mullion and transom oriel bays with
small-paned iron casements, below old tile lean-to roofs, with
curved plastered spandrels below. Central 9-panel hardwood
door, upper 3-panels glazed with leaded light, with tiled
open-gabled and lean-to hood raised on braced brackets. Small
projecting windows on north gable, modern hip-roofed on south.
3 attic dormers at front with small-panel iron casements,
outer 2 with half-hipped, centre with hipped roof.
INTERIOR: not inspected.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the Old Pest House was built in 1763 as an
isolation hospital against smallpox by Thomas Dimsdale
(1712-1800) who lived at Port Hill House (qv), and the plot
adjoined his garden. Dimsdale purchased an extensive estate in
the area. Port Hill House was known as 'The Inoculation
(Turnor L: History of Hertford: Hertford: 1830-: 166-9; Green
L: Hertford's Past in Pictures: Ware: 1993-: 39, 162; Page FM:
History of Hertford: Hertford: 1993-: 118-120; Hertfordshire
Countryside: Roberts E: Thomas Dimsdale and the Victory over
Smallpox: -1980: 20-1).
Listing NGR: TL3209113227
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.