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Catherine Mill

A Grade II* Listed Building in Copeland, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5451 / 54°32'42"N

Longitude: -3.5881 / 3°35'17"W

OS Eastings: 297364

OS Northings: 517813

OS Grid: NX973178

Mapcode National: GBR 3HCW.ZG

Mapcode Global: WH5Z7.V0KY

Entry Name: Catherine Mill

Listing Date: 13 September 1972

Last Amended: 24 October 1989

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1038943

English Heritage Legacy ID: 75904

Location: Copeland, Cumbria, CA28

County: Cumbria

District: Copeland

Town: Copeland

Civil Parish/community: Whitehaven

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Whitehaven St James

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

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Whitehaven

Listing Text

This List entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 02/02/2017


NX 9717 NW,
4/12

WHITEHAVEN,
CATHERINE STREET,
Catherine Mill

(Formerly Listed as: Barracks Mill)

(Previously listed as: Factory building of Dobson & Musgrave, II; and, Factory Building of Dobson & Musgrave, II*)

II*

Former fireproof flax mill (empty at time of inspection, August 1989; noted converted to flats, Jun. 2016). 1809 (dated rainwater heads and documentary evidence). Coursed limestone; renewed concrete pantiled gable-end roofs. Long range with centrally-placed engine house, possibly the first mill building to have its engine house so positioned and marking an important stage in the development of the textile mill. Four storeys. Seven window bays to either side of slightly projecting pedimented central wing (which contains the engine house), including two loading bays asymmetrically placed. All windows under segmental arches with keystones; renewed casements with glazing bars. Some ground-floor window openings altered. Central doorway (double doors with recessed panels), the pedimented wing with one central window to each floor. Moulded stone cornice. End walls with stone coping and external stack; left-hand return rendered with three windows, the openings narrowed in brick; right return with two windows to each floor treated as to front, those to the left
lengthened to form loading bays. 4th floor window set within stack. Blocked
circular privy windows, two to each floor. Rear, the engine house projecting one
window bay with tall tapering external stack, renewed top course of shaft in
brick. Windows as to front, several altered. INTERIOR: central rank of paired
iron columns. Quatrefoil in section, with lugs for line shafting. Cast-iron
queen-strut roof. Transverse arches below windows to equalise load.

This mill is of national importance. It appears to be the earliest mill to contain a
central engine house which was more economical in driving long line shafts. It
is also one of the half dozen or so earliest surviving fire-proofed mills.
Plan, section and brief discussion in K Falconer and R Thorne's, 'Industrial
Archaeology and the RCHME; Industries Archaeology Review (1986), 29-30.

------------------------------------

Previous listing:
CATHERINE STREET
1.
1814
Factory building of
Dobson & Musgrave
NX 9717 NW 4/12
II
2.
Large, long rectangular building in stone, 4 storeys high, with new
roof. 17 windows on each floor, with pediment over the middle 3, all
windows with segmental heads. Square tapering chimney in centre of
pediment on West side, and lower gabled wing in centre. Once a
barracks, but said to have been built between 1811 and 1829 as a linen
mill.


Listing NGR: NX9736417813

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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