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Ruins of Castle and Eleventh Century Church

A Grade I Listed Building in Castle Rising, Norfolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7928 / 52°47'34"N

Longitude: 0.469 / 0°28'8"E

OS Eastings: 566576

OS Northings: 324554

OS Grid: TF665245

Mapcode National: GBR P4K.Z9Q

Mapcode Global: WHKQ6.52L8

Entry Name: Ruins of Castle and Eleventh Century Church

Listing Date: 21 February 1989

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1077599

English Heritage Legacy ID: 222184

Location: Castle Rising, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk, PE31

County: Norfolk

District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk

Civil Parish: Castle Rising

Built-Up Area: Castle Rising

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

Church of England Parish: Castle Rising St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Norwich

Find accommodation in
Wolferton

Listing Text

The following building shall be added

CASTLE RISING
TF 62 SE
6/1 Ruins of Castle and
19/10/51 C11 Church
I
Castle, c1138 for William d'Albini II. Barnack limestone with carstone,
Sandringham sandstone and flint. Hall keep with footings to domestic
buildings in carstone to north, surrounding circular rampart with parts of
curtain wall, gateway through rampart and bridge across deep encircling
ditch. Keep (c24m x 21m x 15m high) ashlared walls now with panels of
coursed local stone. East facade: 3-storeyed forebuilding to right breaking
forward with tiled saddle roof, to left the enclosed outside stairway of
keep. 2-bay forebuilding of ashlar with central pilaster strip and clasping
buttresses to angles, all having shafts to ground and 1st floors; 2 large
semi-circular headed windows to 1st floor, string course above with figure
ccrbels; 3 square openings to 2nd floor; left return with similar window
as east to 1st floor, tall semi-circular headed blank arch below blocked
with local stones and having side shafts. Wall to roofless outside stairs
with ashlar clasping buttress with shafts at angles, central ashlar pilaster
strip having remains above of postern stair; high blank arcade to left and
right, that to left of 6 semi-circular headed arches with cushion capitals
to lost shafts, rear of arcade with chevron indentations, zig-zag string
course below, remains of two circular openings above now containing grotesque
corbels; blank arcade to right of 6 intersecting semi-circular headed arches
with roll mouldings. Keep wall above to rear with central ashlar pilaster
strip, openings to 1st and 2nd floors, clasping buttress to left angle.
South Facade: 4 panels of roughly coursed local stones replacing original
ashlar, ashlared pilaster strips between and clasping angle turret buttresses
with engaged shafts and small stair light; battered plinth; 1 slit opening
per panel to ground floor, 1st floor with varied openings, 2nd floor with
small bullseye to each of 1st three bays, opening of double semi-circular
headed light to 4th bay. Entrance to right to attached outside stair:
semi-circular headed doorway with side shafts, a frieze of corbels above
and a blank arcade of two arches, cornice and 2 circular openings with
grotesques as to left of east facade. North facade as south. West facade
of 4 bays articulated by ashlar pilaster strips, battered plinth, altered
blank arches in ashlar to 2nd, 3rd and 4th bays, continuous with pilaster
strips, but with ashlared forebuilding to left. Interior: floorless; in
two parts, Great Hall to north, Great Chamber to south; basement to west
of Great Hall with pier and double groined vault; service rooms above
including kitchen with circular hearth of on-edge tiles to south-west angle
having circular chimney above through angle turret. Grotesque corbels for
roof of great hall. Remains of chapel in south-east corner of 1st floor
with blank arcading to south and west wall of nave, semi-circular chancel
arch with cushion capitals to shafts and decorative mouldings; one bay
chancel with raised floor, rib vaulting having figure head bosses at
crossing, zig-zag string course below sill of east window. Forebuilding
to north-east: newel stair with ashlared walls and vault; antechamber, to
Great hall on 1st floor, semi-circular headed doorway to Great Hall of 3
orders with side shafts having cushion capitals, each supporting a zigzag
and roll moulding; doorway converted to fireplace and blocked with C15
encaustic heraldic tiles inserted c1840. 1st floor room of 2 bays with rib
vaulting springing from foliage corbels of late C13, vaulting crosses the
semi-circular headed window rear arches with attached shafts. 2nd floor
room an addition, now with internal buttresses and remains of vaulting,
cushion capital to shaft of former external clasping turret buttress of keep
now low at north-west angle; C19 fireplace to south. Bridge: across ditch
to east; revetment of various local stones and erratics, 4-centred head
in brick to arch, parapet with some brick. Gateway through rampart: roofless
in variety of local stone with limestone dressings, semi-circular arches
to front and rear, returns between arches having to left one recess and
doorway to part newel stair, to right 2 recesses, all with semi-circular
headed arches. Small length of curtain wall to south of gateway on rampart,
mainly of 14th brick with some stone, stone facings lost. Ruins of Cll Parish
church: c30m north of keep of the castle, partly within earth rampart; a
variety of local stone: rubble of carstone, Sandringham sandstone, flint
and erratics. 3-cell plan of nave, central tower and apsed chancel. Part
walls of complete plan remaining. Nave with remains of opposing south and
north doorways, low bench around nave walls, to west of south doorway part
of C16 fireplace with some herringbone brickwork. Apse with round headed
single splayed lights to north and east with Roman tiles in internal
dressings. The church was superceded by the C12 church of St. Lawrence (q.v.
6/4) c260m to north, it was subsequently covered by the castle ramparts.
Excavated in early C19 when font base said to fit the stem of font now
in church of St. Laurence was discovered. From 1331-58 the Castle was the
residence of Isabella, wife of Edward II and accomplice to his murder in
l327. The Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument Norfolk No. 3 in the care
of English Heritage, R.A. Brown Castle Rising, HMSO, 1978.

---------------------------------------------------------------

The following building shall be added:

CASTLE RISING
TF 62 SE
6/1
Ruins of Castle and
19/10/51
C11 Church
I
Castle. cl138 for William d'Albini II. Barnack limestone with carstone,
Sandringham sandstone and flint. Hall keep with footings to domestic
buildings in carstone to north, surrounding circular rampart with parts of
curtain wall, gateway through rampart and bridge across deep encircling
ditch. Keep (c24m x 21m x l5m high) ashlared walls now with panels of
coursed local stone. East facade: 3-storeyed forebuilding to right breaking
forward with tiled saddle roof, to left the enclosed outside stairway of
keep. 2-bay forebuilding of ashlar with central pilaster strip and clasping
buttresses to angles, all having shafts to ground and 1st floors; 2 large
semi-circular headed windows to lst floor, string course above with figure
corbels; 3 square openings to 2nd floor; left return with similar window
as east to 1st floor, tall semi-circular headed blank arch below blocked
with local stones and having side shafts. Wall to roofless outside stairs
with ashlar clasping buttress with shafts at angles, central ashlar pilaster
strip having remains above of postern stair; high blank arcade to left and
right, that to left of 6 semi-circular headed arches with cushion capitals
to lost shafts, rear of arcade with chevron indentations, zig-zag string
course below remains of two circular openings above now containing grotesque
corbels; blank arcade to right of 6 intersecting semi-circular headed arches
with roll mouldings. Keep wall above to rear with central ashlar pilaster
strip, openings to 1st and 2nd floors, clasping buttress to left angle.
South Facade: 4 panels of roughly coursed local stones replacing original
ashlar, ashlared pilaster strips between and clasping angle turret buttresses
with engaged shafts and small stair light; battered plinth; 1 slit opening
per panel to ground floor, 1st floor with varied openings, 2nd floor with
small bullseye to each of 1st three bays, opening of double semi-circular
headed light to 4th bay. Entrance to right to attached outside stair:
semi-circular headed doorway with side shafts, a frieze of corbels above
and a blank arcade of two arches, cornice and 2 circular openings with
grotesques as to left of east facade. North facade as south. West facade
of 4 bays articulated by ashlar pilaster strips, battered plinth, altered
blank arches in ashlar to 2nd, 3rd and 4th bays, continuous with pilaster
strips, but with ashlared forebuilding to left. Interior: floorless; in
two parts, Great Hall to north; Great Chamber to south; basement to west
of Great Hall with pier and double groined vault; service rooms above
including kitchen with circular hearth of on-edge tiles to south-west angle
having circular chimney above through angle turret. Grotesque corbels for
roof of great hall. Remains of chapel in south-east corner of 1st floor
with blank arcading to south and west wall of nave, semi-circular chancel
arch with cushion capitals to shafts and decorative mouldings; one bay
chancel with raised floor, rib vaulting having figure head bosses at
crossing, zig-zag string course below sill of east window. Forebuilding
to north-east: newel stair with ashlared walls and vault; antechamber, to
Great Hall on 1st floor, semi-circular headed doorway to Great Hall of 3
orders with side shafts having cushion capitals, each supporting a zigzag
and roll moulding; doorway converted to fireplace and blocked with C15
encaustic heraldic tiles inserted c1840. 1st floor room of 2 bays with rib
vaulting springing from foliage corbels of late Cl3, vaulting crosses the
semi-circular headed window rear arches with attached shafts. 2nd floor
room an addition, now with internal buttresses and remains of vaulting,
cushion capital to shaft of former external clasping turret buttress of keep
now low at north-west angle; C19 fireplace to south. Bridge: across ditch
to east: revetment of various local stones and erratics, 4-centred head
in brick to arch, parapet with some brick. Gateway through rampart: roofless
in variety of local stone with limestone dressings, semi-circular arches
to front and rear, returns between arches having to left one recess and
doorway to part newel stair, to right 2 recesses, all with semi-circular
headed arches. Small length of curtain wall to south of gateway on rampart,
mainly of 14th brick with some stone, stone facings lost. Ruins of C11 Parish
church: c30m north of keep of the castle, partly within earth rampart; a
variety of local stone: rubble of carstone, Sandringham sandstone, flint
and erratics. 3-cell plan of nave, central tower and apsed chancel. Part
walls of complete plan remaining. Nave with remains of opposing south and
north doorways, low bench around nave walls, to west of south doorway part
of C16 fireplace with some herringbone brickwork. Apse with round headed
single splayed lights to north and east with Roman tiles in internal
dressings. The church was superceded by the C12 church of St. Lawrence (q.v.
6/4) c260m to north, it was subsequently covered by the castle ramparts.
Excavated in early C19 when font base said to fit the stem of font now
in church of St. Laurence was discovered. From 1331-58 the Castle was the
residence of Isabella, wife of Edward II and accomplice to his murder in
1327. The Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument Norfolk No. 3 in the care
of English Heritage, R.A. Brown Castle Rising, HMSO, 1978.


Listing NGR: TF6657624554

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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