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Fort Cumberland

A Grade II* Listed Building in Portsmouth, City of Portsmouth

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7878 / 50°47'16"N

Longitude: -1.0327 / 1°1'57"W

OS Eastings: 468283

OS Northings: 99138

OS Grid: SZ682991

Mapcode National: GBR BDC.HQQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 87Q0.9J8

Entry Name: Fort Cumberland

Listing Date: 30 October 1969

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1104273

English Heritage Legacy ID: 474589

Location: Portsmouth, PO4

County: City of Portsmouth

Electoral Ward/Division: Eastney and Craneswater

Built-Up Area: Portsmouth

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Milton St James

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

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Listing Text


PORTSMOUTH

SZ69NE FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD, Eastney
774-1/6/160 Fort Cumberland
30/10/69

GV II*

Fort. 1746. By the Duke of Cumberland, reconstructed 1786 by
the Duke of Richmond, some alterations and additions C19.
Stone and brick. Originally built in the form of a 5 angled
star, then reconstructed 1786 in its present form with wide
pentagonal shaped rampart with 5 sharply angled bastions at
each of the points, a dry moat and glacis and 1 ravelin.
Ramparts are faced externally in stone with brick parapets and
segmental arched gun ports behind which are deep
tunnel-vaulted brick casemates covered with several feet of
earth.
HISTORY: the fort is a direct descendant of the bastioned
fortress pioneered in Italy in late C15 and the last fortress
to be built here marking the final development of this type of
design in Britain. It is perhaps the best piece of C18
defensive architecture left in Britain.
Scheduled Ancient Monument.
(Balfour A: Portsmouth: London: 1970-: 22; Lloyd DW: Buildings
of Portsmouth and its Environs: Portsmouth: 1974-: 62; The
Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Lloyd DW: Hampshire and the
Isle of Wight: Harmondsworth: 1967-: 428).


Listing NGR: SZ6658898977

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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