History in Structure

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Buckingham Farmhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Ashwater, Devon

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Latitude: 50.7422 / 50°44'31"N

Longitude: -4.2814 / 4°16'53"W

OS Eastings: 239128

OS Northings: 96103

OS Grid: SX391961

Mapcode National: GBR NP.2J37

Mapcode Global: FRA 17X3.XH2

Entry Name: Buckingham Farmhouse

Listing Date: 21 January 1986

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1104662

English Heritage Legacy ID: 90722

Location: Ashwater, Torridge, Devon, EX21

County: Devon

District: Torridge

Civil Parish: Ashwater

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ashwater St Peter ad Vincula

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

SX 39 NE
3/20 Buckingham Farmhouse
- II
House. Possibly medieval origins, alterations of circa mid to late C17, C20
renovations. Cob on stone rubble footings, colourwashed and plastered with a water
reed thatched roof half-hipped at the left end and gabled at the right end. Brick
chimney at right gabled end, axial brick chimney. The development of the house is
not absolutely clear but the early plan may have been 2-rooms wide, the right-hand
end being a 2-bay open hall with a partition wall to the passage which had a solid
wall to the 2-storey lower end. The roof structure suggests that the third room,
adjoining the lower end, is either a rebuilding or an addition. The 2 right-hand
roof trusses are, however, only very lightly smoke-blackened and this may have
occured accidentally. The gradient of the site and the C17 features, however,
indicate a 3 room and through passage plan with the hall in the centre heated from a
stack at the inner hall, a heated lower end room to the right of the passage and a
lower status unheated inner room probably used for storage. A rear outshut under a
catslide roof is probably an C18 or C19 addition. A C19 stair has been inserted in
the passage which appears to have been decreased in width. The chimney breast of the
axial stack has been altered, probably in the late C19 or early C20 partly blocking
the fireplace of the middle room but using the stack to heat the inner room. 2
storeys. Asymmetrical 3-window front with an off-centre C19 brick gabled porch on
the front to the right and a further entrance on the front at the left into the inner
room. Ground floor windows are 3-light casements, 3 panes per light. the thatch
eaves are eyebrowed over the first floor window left which is a 2-light casemement 6
panes per light. The other 2 first floor windows are 2-light casements, 8 panes per
light. There is a stone buttress at the right end.
Interior The 4 roof trusses between the stacks are collar rafter with cambered
collars lap dovetailed into the principal rafters which are lapped nd notched at the
apex with a diagonally set ridge. The purlins are threaded and roughly chamfered and
the quality of the carpentry is high. The 2 right-hand trusses appear to be lightly
smoke-blackened and the second truss from the right is closed. The trusses over the
left-hand end have straight collars halved and pegged into the principal rafters but
no attempt at a fine finish. The feet of the principal rafters throughout appear to
be straight. The fireplace of the middle room (the C17 hall) has stone jambs of
squared masonry and an ovolo-moulded timber lintel with ogee stops and a section of
decorative carving between the moulding and the stops. The right gable end fireplace
is similar. The remains of a plaster cornice were found during renovations to the
middle room, the joists which are unchamfered are now exposed. Some fragments a
similar cornice exist on the first floor suggesting a great chamber above the C17
hall. A 2-light ovolo-moulded timber mullioned window was discovered during
renovations in the right gable end on the first floor. The window is blocked
externally. The C17 features are of a high quality and suggest a high status house
of that date.

Listing NGR: SX3912896101

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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