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Stile and Flanking Walls 400 Metres South-West of the Great Sluice

A Grade II Listed Building in Braunton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0846 / 51°5'4"N

Longitude: -4.1799 / 4°10'47"W

OS Eastings: 247414

OS Northings: 133959

OS Grid: SS474339

Mapcode National: GBR KK.CYS7

Mapcode Global: FRA 2648.1DG

Entry Name: Stile and Flanking Walls 400 Metres South-West of the Great Sluice

Listing Date: 14 November 1985

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1107120

English Heritage Legacy ID: 98302

Location: Braunton, North Devon, Devon, EX33

County: Devon

District: North Devon

Civil Parish: Braunton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Braunton St Brannock

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 16/07/2015


SS 43 SE
9/54

BRAUNTON,
BRAUNTON MARSH,
Stile and flanking walls 400 metres south-west of the Great Sluice

(Formerly listed as Stile and flanking walls 40 metres south-west of the Great Sluice)

II

Stile and flanking walls. Circa 1815. Shale rubble walls with vertical stone capping, sloping down either side of dyke. Opening at top with large slate on edge to form stile between brick piers with rounded stone rubble tops. Stone step below stile repaired in concrete. The flanking walls fenced sections of the dyke and allowed the sections to be grazed separately.
Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw. But from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained on the authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south-east was reclaimed between 1852-1857.
Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the Marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field, their holdings are sill widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Reference: A H Slee, Trans. Devonshire Assoc (1969) Vol100, pp.101-110. W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies, pp.265-271 and p.332.


Listing NGR: SS4741433959

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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