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Bridge over Railway

A Grade II Listed Building in Belper, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0262 / 53°1'34"N

Longitude: -1.483 / 1°28'58"W

OS Eastings: 434775

OS Northings: 347779

OS Grid: SK347477

Mapcode National: GBR 6CP.9WW

Mapcode Global: WHDGF.662D

Entry Name: Bridge over Railway

Listing Date: 13 December 1979

Last Amended: 3 March 2014

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1109236

English Heritage Legacy ID: 78553

Location: Belper, Amber Valley, Derbyshire, DE56

County: Derbyshire

District: Amber Valley

Civil Parish: Belper

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Belper Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: Derby

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Summary

The Joseph Street Bridge is one of a series of bridges over the railway line in Belper, Derbyshire',and lengths of masonry wall lining the cutting which they span, built for the North Midland Railway Company between 1837 and 1840.

Description

BUILDING: road bridge over railway..

DATE: constructed between1837-1840, with late C20 minor alterations.

ARCHITECT: the bridge is thought to have been constructed to a standard design. An indenture of the 5th of December 1837 refers to ' specification and drawings or plan which have been prepared by, or under the direction of supervision of George Stephenson and Frederick Swanwick, the principal and resident engineers appointed by the said Company' ( the North Midland Railway Company).

MATERIALS: ashlar and regularly coursed squared Derbyshire gritstone.

PLAN: the bridge is a single-arch overbridge carrying a section of road on a residential street over the railway. It is aligned east-west.

EXTERIOR: the bridge has a wide elliptical arch rising from ashlar skewbacks, with ashlar voussoirs below a deep roll moulding, Above the moulding is an ashlar plinth course and two courses of rectangular gritstone blocks which together form the parapet walls of the bridge. Above these are deep, wide ashlar copings with rounded upper arrises. There are substantial abutments at either end of the bridge with V-jointed ashlar quoins. The roll moulding of the bridge is carried through into the adjacent flanking walls of the railway cutting.

History

The bridge on Joseph Street, Belper was built as part of the extension of the North Midland Railway line from Derby to Chesterfield, which opened in 1840. The line cut through the town of Belper, where the industrialist Jedediah Strutt had developed one of the pioneering late C18 textile manufacturing communities of the Derwent valley at the northern end of the original settlement. The new railway line was carried in a deep, mile long cutting through Belper, necessitating the construction of masonry walls to the cutting, and the provision of eleven new bridges, including those where the line passed through pre-existing streets of houses built by the Strutt family for mill workers.
The new railway line was surveyed and engineered by George Stephenson, one of the pre-eminent engineers of the C19, and the railway company’s resident engineer, Frederick Swanwick. The line was constructed between 1837 and 1840, with a number of new stations designed by the North Midland Railway Company’s architect, Francis Thompson of Derby. Thompson was appointed architect to the North Midland Railway in February 1839, having returned from working in Canada. He designed the new station at Derby for the three railway companies which were later amalgamated to form the Midland Railway – the Midland Counties Railway, the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway and the North Midland Railway, as well as stations at Belper, North Wingfield and Ambergate. The Belper cutting and its bridges were the subject of one of the illustrations of the completed North Midland Railway line by the lithographic artist Samuel Russell, commissioned by the aforementioned Francis Thompson.

The Joseph Street bridge and a number of other railway structures in Belper, were added to the Statutory List in December 1979.

Reasons for Listing

The Joseph Street Bridge over the railway line passing through Belper, dating to 1837-40, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: the bridge forms part of a series of railway structures built for the North Midland Railway between 1837 and 1840. The line was designed by George Stephenson, one of the most important and influential engineers of the railway era, aided by Frederick Swanwick, the North Midland Railway company's resident engineer, and is considered to be amongst the best- preserved examples of the pioneering phase of railway development in England. It retains many of its original engineering structures, of which this bridge is an example;
* Architectural interest: the bridge is an example of the consistently high quality design and careful detailing of railway structures completed for the North Midland Railway between 1836 and 1840. The aesthetic quality of the bridge far exceeds the functional and structural requirements of bridge design;
* Group value: the bridge forms part of an integrated design for the Belper cutting, in which the overbridges and the cutting walls share a common architectural vocabulary, and are seen in combination with one another as elements of a railway transport landscape of great interest and quality.


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