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Abbey Mill

A Grade I Listed Building in Coggeshall, Essex

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Latitude: 51.867 / 51°52'1"N

Longitude: 0.6935 / 0°41'36"E

OS Eastings: 585546

OS Northings: 222145

OS Grid: TL855221

Mapcode National: GBR QKF.VJ7

Mapcode Global: VHJJL.ZB0L

Entry Name: Abbey Mill

Listing Date: 2 May 1953

Last Amended: 6 September 1988

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1168354

English Heritage Legacy ID: 116049

Location: Coggeshall, Braintree, Essex, CO6

County: Essex

District: Braintree

Civil Parish: Coggeshall

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Coggeshall with Markshall

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text

(south side)

9/18 Abbey Mill (formerly
2.5.53 listed as Water Mill
at Coggeshall Abbey)


Watermill. C17/18, altered in C19. Timber framed, weatherboarded, roofed with
handmade red plain tiles. Single range aligned E-W, approximately 39 metres
long, incorporating a cottage with axial stack, gig-house and stables at E end.
Mid-C19 lean-to engine-house of red brick in Flemish bond, roofed with slate,
near middle of N side, and chimney to N of it. Single-storey lean-to extension
at E end, roofed with corrugated iron. 2 storeys, and loft floor in gambrel
roof. The S elevation has on the ground floor 6 early C19 fixed lights and one
horizontal sash, all of small panes, and one late C19 sash of 4 lights; and on
the first floor 12 C19 casements and a continuous line of 22 early C19 fixed
lights and casements; much handmade glass, some of it green; 6 skylights. Plain
boarded doors on ground and first floor; C19 flush 4-panel door to cottage;
double vehicle doors and halved door to gig-house and stable. Roof half-hipped.
Wrought iron weathervane with gilt fish at W end. The structure has numerous
screw-bolted knees. The chimney has square first and second stages, round
above; on the first stage is an inscription 'B.A. Feb. 26, 1857' (possibly for
Robert Bridge Appleford); the second stage has an arched recess in each side.
Breast-shot wheel 3.84 metres in diameter with iron paddles. Sluice gates
renewed c.1977. 4 pairs of French burr stones. Cast iron pit wheel embossed
with 'A. Clubb, millwright, 1840' (of Colchester). Mechanism complete and in
working order in 1987, with all ancillary equipment, fully described by H.
Benham in Some Essex Water Mills, 1976, 62-4. There is a history of fulling on
this site. It is not known whether the present mill was originally built for
fulling, but from 1820 it was opened as a silk-throwing mill for John Hall,
formerly of Coventry. In 1839 this business was transferred to the Gravel
Factory in West Street, Coggeshall, and the mill was bought by the Appleford
family and converted to corn-grinding. Many of the windows date from the Hall
period, but there is no trace of the working equipment. The mill remained in
commercial use by the Appleford family until 1960, adapted for steam in 1857 or
earlier. The steam engine and related equipment has been removed, and the
height of the chimney has been reduced.

Listing NGR: TL8554622145

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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