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Eight Bells Inn

A Grade II* Listed Building in Saffron Walden, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0253 / 52°1'31"N

Longitude: 0.2367 / 0°14'12"E

OS Eastings: 553555

OS Northings: 238680

OS Grid: TL535386

Mapcode National: GBR MBX.STQ

Mapcode Global: VHHL4.1CZ8

Entry Name: Eight Bells Inn

Listing Date: 28 November 1951

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1196128

English Heritage Legacy ID: 370419

Location: Saffron Walden, Uttlesford, Essex, CB10

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford

Civil Parish: Saffron Walden

Built-Up Area: Saffron Walden

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

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Saffron Walden

Listing Text


SAFFRON WALDEN

TL5338 BRIDGE STREET
669-1/1/40 (East side)
28/11/51 Eight Bells Inn

GV II*

Inn. C15 and late C16. Timber-framed and plastered, peg and
clay tiled roof. L-shaped plan of long street range with
earlier C15 rear range and later additions. 2 storeys.
Front W elevation: continuous jetty with bressumer decorated
with folded leaf, bay interval jetty brackets, one (S),
moulded pilaster with capital still visible. Plaster decorated
by old pargetting partly repaired in C20, combed panels with
semicircular indented borders, restored brick plinth along
whole frontage. Ground floor, 2 doorways, one central, one at
N end, both are mainly C19 work with pilasters, plain frieze
and hood, doorheads both 4-centred arches. Central doorway
original, arched head C16 with leaf carved spandrels. N door
C20 boarded with upper glazed light. Central door C19 with
studded battened boards and 3 lancet lights. 3 bay windows
under jetty now set on brick bases, window between doorways
has rectangular plan, 1:4:1 lights, original bracket sill
carved with grotesque fish/dolphin either side of central
`T.B' initials. Bay window S of centre similar, original sill
embattled with sinuous flowered branch below. S end window
similar but of 3 cants, 1:2:1 lights, original sill embattled
with folded leaf round central rod below. First floor,
restored, 4 oriel windows spaced along range supported on
plastered coves with end brackets with contemporary leaf
decoration. C16 sills all embattled, also embattled string at
base of coving. Windows all of 3-light casements with
rectangular leaded panes and return side lights, central
lights have C18 metal opening casements with stays and pulls.
Above, single large rectangular stack in C18 red brick towards
N end.
N end elevation: gable end of jettied street range to W, long
range behind to E. Street range, original folded leaf
barge-boards, leaves of unusual palmetted form. Ground floor,
now of brick which continues into rear addition where it
carries a deep `catslide' roof. W-E, C19 3-cant bay window
central under gable, sashes, 1x2, 3x2, 1x2 panes. Plain
boarded door with overlight, 3 narrow C20 casement windows.
First floor, under gable, restored C16 oriel similar to those
on front range but with 4 casement lights and side lights and
with tiled hipped roof. Rear range beyond, brickwork facade
set back allowing 2-storey elevation, plastered to W,
weatherboarded over timber frame to E. Ground floor, W-E, 2
C19 single light casements with C20 boarded door between. 3
large double leaved doorways (weatherboard above). First
floor, 3 simple 2-light windows in plastered wall which
oversteps weatherboard below. 2 roof breaks show progressive
additions.
S end elevation: barge-boards of original gable end renewed
but decorated in same style as at N end, rear 2-storey lean-to
addition has slated roof continued down to ground floor
lean-to. Rear E elevation: street range mainly concealed by
C19 and C20 additons. Long rear wing to N shows 3 construction
phases (1) to W, of relatively widely spaced tension braced
studs, once jettied, now underbuilt (2) central block of 2
bays, jettied with close studding (3) E end plain
timber-framed and plasterd unit. Units (2) and (3) each have
first floor boarded air vents.
INTERIOR: street range 3 unit system, ground floor has moulded
principal ceiling joists with roll and cavetto in S 2 units of
run comprising 2 principal rooms with crossed binding and
bridging joists, diminished haunched soffit tenons used.
Remains of partition between them still with simple original
doorway with 4-centred arched head. N end unit sharing stack
with central room, similar crossed joist system of same
scantling but not moulded. Stack much rebuilt but some late
C16 brickwork survives. Street range, first floor, jowled
posts and tie-beams seen, S end frame has internal tension
bracing. Also partition on first floor over one below is
tension braced with original plain doorway through. N end,
half bay partition similarly braced. Edge-halved and bridled
scarf in rear wall plate. N end rear wing, 4 western bays (1)
once jettied to S, floor now removed and wall underbuilt.
2-way braced crown posts with foot bracing. N wall (originally
first floor) blocked 3-light diamond mullioned window with
shutter groove at E end. Joint evidence for another similar
window at W end. (2) central 2-bay unit late Cl6, trapped side
purlin roof. Original E end clear, now open but tie-beam has
partition mortices, wattle groove and window mullion mortices
and shutter groove. (3) E end unit clearly butted to rest,
floor removed, internal stud bracing. E end wall now of brick,
C19 and C20 additions behind street range of several phases
extending into garden. The building clearly shows the oldest
part to be a C15 long range running back from the street with
the addition in the late C16 of the front range. Unit (2) of
rear range is probaly contemporary with the front, Unit (3)
being added soon after.
(The Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Ratcliffe E: Essex:
London: 1965-: 336).


Listing NGR: TL5355538680

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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