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2, Church Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Blackmore, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.692 / 51°41'31"N

Longitude: 0.3183 / 0°19'5"E

OS Eastings: 560335

OS Northings: 201795

OS Grid: TL603017

Mapcode National: GBR NJD.WVC

Mapcode Global: VHHMQ.GQNR

Entry Name: 2, Church Street

Listing Date: 20 February 1967

Last Amended: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197160

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373309

Location: Blackmore, Hook End and Wyatts Green, Brentwood, Essex, CM4

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Civil Parish: Blackmore, Hook End and Wyatts

Built-Up Area: Blackmore

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Blackmore St Laurence

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


BLACKMORE

TL6001 CHURCH STREET
723-1/15/5 (East side)
20/02/67 No.2
(Formerly Listed as:
BRENTWOOD
CHURCH STREET, Blackmore
(East side)
Nos.2 AND 3)

GV II

House. Early C14 or earlier, altered c1600 and in C19 and C20.
Timber-framed, plastered with some exposed framing, roofed
with machine-made red clay tiles.
PLAN: single range of 5 bays with continuous jetty to street,
comprising at the N end 3 bays (having a total length of
9.42m) of the early C14 or earlier, but with the front wall,
jetty and floor structure rebuilt c1600, and 2 bays to the S
(having a total length of 5.10m) added c1600. Axial stack at
right end, and rear stack at left end. On the first floor only
this house incorporates one bay to the N (length 2.77m) of
which the remainder forms the front range of Little Jordan
(qv), c1600. Complex extensions to rear, c1976.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. On the ground floor five C20 sashes of
8:8 lights in early C19 style, and on the first floor 3
similar sashes. C20 6-panel door. The ground floor is
plastered below the exposed jetty plate. Exposed bressummer
and joists of vertical section, and all studs above, with 2
primary straight braces. An almost complete set of chisel-cut
carpenter's assembly marks near the base of these studs
distinguishes the 2 builds. The 3 left bays are numbered 1-21
(from left to right). Beyond a straight joint in the jetty
plate, bressumer and wallplate, the two C20 insertions. The
straight brace at the left end is a C20 insertion, the
equivalent brace at the right end is original. (For exterior
of first-floor bay to N, see Little Jordan (qv)).
Rear elevation wholly plastered, C20 casements. In the left
range the rear wall is all early C14 or earlier with one
jowled post at the left end, others unjowled, heavy studding
at 0.71m centres, trenches for missing curved tension braces
0.25m wide, a firt with mortices for wide joists jointed to it
with unrefined central tenons, and in the wallplate a splayed
and under-squinted scarf. The post at the right end is scarfed
with a splay and one under-squinted abutment. The studs on the
first floor are heavily weathered except where protected by
the former eaves, and unusually, are numbered near the top, on
the outside, from left to right; owing to removal of some for
doorways, and concealment of others by plaster, only Nos 7, 9,
11, 12 & 13 are visible (the stud at position 10 in the series
is a C20 insertion of old timber). 2 diamond mortices in the
wallplate for former unglazed windows on each side of the
third post.
INTERIOR: the original collar-rafter roof is substantially
complete, within a later roof of c1600. The rafters (all
unsooted) are numbered from right to left, with at the left
end a couple with 2 collars to form the original gablet hip,
with 2 slots for the rails of a protective bonnet. Some
couples have been removed for an inserted stack, demolished
c1976, and beyond the former hip 2 couples have been inserted
to extend the roof to connect with the adjacent building. The
floors of the 2 left bays have chamfered axial beams with
lamb's tongue stops, and plain joists of vertical section; at
the rear they are inserted in the larger mortices in the girt
remaining from the original floor. The transverse beam between
these bays is chamfered with convex stops. The next 2
transverse beams, the axial beam between them, and most of the
joists in this bay are C20 insertions copying the style of the
remainder; the insertion and removal of a stack in this area
has caused much alteration. The 2 bays at the right end have
plain joists of vertical section, and one chamfered axial
beam. In the rear wallplate is an unusual form of scarf,
edge-halved and bridled, but with the bridles offset to avoid
the mortices for studding. C20 wide hearth built of old
bricks. Clasped purlin roof.
The original span of the early C14 build was 3.28m on the
first floor, probably about 2.82m on the ground floor if
jettied, an exceptionally narrow house for its prominent
position. At the second build, c1600, a beam was lodged across
the tie-beams to support the front rafters, and the original
wallplate was sawn off, leaving a stub in situ at the left
end. The front wall and the floor structure were completely
rebuilt 0.23m further forward and another roof was built above
the original roof to accommodate the wider span.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the earliest house in Church Street, and
probably the earliest in Blackmore parish, and of exceptional
constructional interest. Shown as 3 cottages in OS First
Edition, 1873. An early photograph shows a shop window below
the left end of the jetty.


Listing NGR: TL6033501795

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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