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Walletts

A Grade II Listed Building in Brentwood, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5924 / 51°35'32"N

Longitude: 0.2842 / 0°17'3"E

OS Eastings: 558323

OS Northings: 190639

OS Grid: TQ583906

Mapcode National: GBR WW.BBP

Mapcode Global: VHHN8.W73M

Entry Name: Walletts

Listing Date: 20 February 1976

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197211

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373442

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM13

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Town: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Warley

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Great Warley St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Brentwood

Listing Text


BRENTWOOD

TQ5890 GREAT WARLEY STREET, Great Warley
723-1/17/146 (West side)
20/02/76 Walletts

GV II

House. Early C16, late C16, c1900. Timber-framed, peg-tile
roof. H-plan hall house, facing E with additional rear stair
tower. Extensive L-shaped wing of c1900 added to SW corner not
of special interest and not included in this listing.
EXTERIOR: E front re-faced in building phase of c1900 -
timber-framing provided with covering boards. Present
appearance though shows form of structure. 2 gabled
cross-wings of 2 storeys, jettied, with hall in between of one
storey and attic cruciform stack (c1600 but restored) towards
S end of hall with rebuilt cross passage door in line. Framing
of cross-wings indicated on first floor. Ground floors
rendered over. 2 phases of medieval construction (1) N
cross-wing is oldest, early C16 with wide set studding,
tension bracing and foot bracing to a crown-post. (2) c1600, S
cross-wing, closer studding indicated, no external bracing and
a queen post roof - also voids in framing for a frieze window.
Hall framing indeterminate but no doubt contemporary with
phase (1) with full medieval arrangement of cross passage. All
windows of the house are c1900 with oak frames, metal
casements and leaded panes. Front, E elevation, ground floor,
S cross-wing and hall have windows of 4 lights, N cross-wing
window of 3 lights, first floor, S wing 4-light window, hall
has attic 2-light window and N wing 3-light window. Rear W
elevation, S cross-wing masked by c1900 work. N cross-wing and
hall visible, also stair tower, in line with stack. N
cross-wing, very similar framing to E front with c1900 stack
in red brick on centre line with ground floor extension of
brickwork to N edge with included narrow single-light window.
Second single light window to S of stack. Hall, upper framing
indicated, including broader member at site of central truss.
c1900 boarded door under `Tudor' arched head, 2-light window.
Stair tower with roof hipped to rear, ground floor 2-light
window, first floor with indicated framing and 2-light window.
S end elevation, S wing with broader posts at bay intervals -
3 bays - also corner tension bracing. Ground floor rendered
over with c1900 boarded door with `Tudor' arched door head,
one 4-light window and one 1-light. First floor, one 3-light
and 1 single-light casement. N end elevation, N wing, ground
floor rendered except for storey post left visible. First
floor framing indicated and similar to front with central
2-light window.
INTERIOR: hall has posts of central truss with deep mortices
for missing rising arched braces and simple stopped chamfers,
also straight doorheads for doors of c1600 - present
cross-passage door re-instated to original position c1900.
High end cross wall has joints for display arched bracing and
peg holes for a bench. 2 quasi-service door arches inserted
c1900 into this frame (at wrong end of hall). Back-to-back
fireplaces in hall and S cross-wing of c1600, brick with
timber lintels, modified c1900. Hall has inserted ceiling,
probably of same time or a little later integrated into stack,
deep section joists with pendant soffits and bridging joist of
reused timber. S cross-wing ground-floor room has oak
panelling, well fitted but missing the frieze - first floor,
only wall plates and tie-beams exposed. N cross-wing - ground
floor has original binding joist, first floor principal outer
framing only seen with central truss having arched braces to
tie-beam, crown post through present ceiling, base with broach
stopped chamfers. Carpenters' marks and candle/rush-light burn
marks also present in the house. Stair tower has well made
dogleg stair of c1600 with shaped handrail, acorn finials on
newel posts, turned banisters and decorated strings with
arabesques and parallelogram panels.
HISTORICAL NOTE: the house demonstrates clearly the
modifications typical in house development in the late C16 and
early C17 in which, in Essex, stacks were inserted in the
cross passage with back-to-back fireplaces. Sometimes the
entry doors were re-positioned as at Wallets, where the
re-siting of the rear door brought in in line with the then
newly built stair tower to serve the upper room, including the
new one created in the hall area by dividing it horizontally.
Walletts forms a group with other buildings around the green.
(RCHM: Central and SW Essex : Monument 4: 62; The Buildings of
England: Pevsner N: Essex: 1965-: 213).


Listing NGR: TQ5832390639

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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