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Q8 Petroleum Service Station

A Grade II Listed Building in Shenfield, Essex

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Latitude: 51.6294 / 51°37'45"N

Longitude: 0.3218 / 0°19'18"E

OS Eastings: 560796

OS Northings: 194837

OS Grid: TQ607948

Mapcode National: GBR YG.V3R

Mapcode Global: VHHN3.J9HR

Entry Name: Q8 Petroleum Service Station

Listing Date: 21 October 1958

Last Amended: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197222

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373472

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM15

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Town: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Shenfield

Built-Up Area: Brentwood

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Shenfield St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


723-1/9/276 (South West side)
21/10/58 No.21
Q8 Petroleum Service Station
(Formerly Listed as:
HUTTON ROAD, Shenfield


Formerly known as: Glanthams PRIESTS LANE.
House, now service station. C14, extended and altered in C17,
early C19 and C20. Timber-framed, with early C19 facade of red
brick in Flemish bond, remainder weatherboarded, red brick and
render, with some exposed studding, roofed with handmade and
machine-made red clay tiles. C14 2-bay hall facing NE, with
C16 stack in right bay in front of axis. 2-bay service
cross-wing to right, and C17/18 external stack to right of
front bay, truncated at eaves level. C17 stair tower to rear
of right bay of hall, and later wing to rear of left bay, with
an external stack in the angle between them (mainly rebuilt in
C19). Single-storey lean-to extension to right of stair tower.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. The ground floor is mainly occupied by
C20 showroom windows and a glazed door, with small areas of
the early C19 brick facade. Band of cement render at
first-floor level, and 3 early C19 sashes of 8+8, 6+6 and 8+8
lights respectively with flat arches of gauged brick above.
The brickwork of the facade is of high quality, with red
mortar in the joints, and white tuck pointing, in some places
crossing the bricks to maintain the regular pattern. Left end
of hall roof hipped; the front pitch clad with handmade tiles,
the rear pitch with machine-made tiles. The cross-wing has an
original gablet hip at the front, an C18/early C19 hip at the
rear, all clad with machine-made tiles. The facade continues
round the left return of the main range, to a straight joint
at the rear wing; it has on the ground floor a blocked
original window aperture with a flat arch of gauged brick, and
an original doorway with a semi-elliptical arch of gauged
brick, blocked tympanum, moulded plaster surround (altered at
the left jamb), and a C20 half-glazed door; one C19 inserted
casement above. Beyond the straight joint are 2 mid-C19 sashes
of 3+3 lights with segmental brick arches; other windows are
C20 casements. This wing is roofed with handmade tiles. The
butt of a beam projects from the right elevation at
first-floor level. The rear elevation of the right cross-wing
has one C19 casement on the first floor; a defective similar
casement in the rear elevation of the stair tower. The facade
extends round the right return as far as the external stack,
with flue headers on the first floor only.
INTERIOR of the ground floor is wholly faced with modern
finishes. The only visible features of the earlier structure
are a chamfered axial beam with roll stops, part of the C16
inserted floor in the left bay of the hall, and the mantel
beam of the C16 inserted stack, which is moulded on the left
side, deeply chamfered to the right, with no brickwork below
it; it is not clear what supports the remainder of the stack
above. The bricks are 0.23-0.24m long, 0.05m high, width
indeterminate; the upper part, in the apex of the roof and
above, has been rebuilt in the C19. The structure of the hall
is largely intact above first-floor level, with chamfered
posts and wallplates with mitred stops; the front wallplate
has been severed for an early C19 sash in the left bay, and
may be similarly severed in the right bay. Hollow-chamfered
cranked central tie-beam, with hollow-chamfered arched braces
to it. A small section has been cut out of the front brace for
an inserted closet door; the rear brace appears to be present
in a partition wall. The tie-beam has mortices for moulded
covings. The front wall has been raised about 1.20m above the
original wallplate, leaving most of the original wall and roof
structure in situ. Cross-quadrate crownpost with 2 curved
braces rising to meet the rafters immediately below the
collar; collar-purlin and axial braces missing. In the left
bay of the roof 3 original rafter couples and collars are
complete. Other original rafters have been re-set, and the
former gable has been altered to a hip in the C18/early C19,
with a higher softwood roof to the front only. The cross-wing
has posts with long tapering jowls; these and the left
wallplate are chamfered and stopped as in the hall; the right
wallplate is concealed. The central tie-beam has been severed,
and the crownpost formerly mounted on it moved slightly to the
rear. The front bay of the roof is otherwise complete, with
collar-purlin, collars, rafters, and gablet hip. The rear bay
is intact except for a hip inserted in the C18/early C19. Some
pink paint remains, not original, but surviving from the
period when the crownpost was moved. Hardwood butt-edged
floorboards. On the first floor of the whole building are 5
C18/early C19 plain boarded and ledged internal doors with
original hinges. The rear left wing is much modernised
internally. The stair tower is still in use as such.

Listing NGR: TQ6079694837

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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