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Brook Cottage

A Grade II Listed Building in Ingatestone and Fryerning, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6731 / 51°40'23"N

Longitude: 0.3539 / 0°21'14"E

OS Eastings: 562863

OS Northings: 199773

OS Grid: TQ628997

Mapcode National: GBR NJV.0B5

Mapcode Global: VHJKD.26ZQ

Entry Name: Brook Cottage

Listing Date: 20 February 1976

Last Amended: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197285

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373637

Location: Ingatestone and Fryerning, Brentwood, Essex, CM4

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Civil Parish: Ingatestone and Fryerning

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Ingatestone St Edmund and St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text

INGATESTONE AND FRYERNING
TQ69NW
723-1/6/354
20/02/76 GREEN STREET,
(North East Street)
Brook Cottage

(Formerly Listed as: BRENTWOOD
GREEN STREET
Ingatestone and Fryerning
Brook Cottage)

I

House. Early C17, damaged by fire 1938, renovated and extended c1984. Timber-framed, plastered with weatherboarded dado,roofed with handmade red clay tiles. 4-bay range facing SW with axial stack in second bay from right, forming a lobby-entrance. C18 external stack at left end, and C20 single-storey extension beyond. C20 additions along the whole length of the rear, forming a rear wing behind each end bay, a flat-roofed 2-storey range between them, and a wing behind the C20 extension, probably all C1984. 2 storeys. 3-window range of C20 casements. C20 door in original position. Grouped diagonal shafts on main stack. All other windows are C20 casements. INTERIOR: the ground-floor room to left of the stack has exposed primary straight bracing and heavy studding, a chamfered axial beam with lamb's tongue stops, plain joists of vertical section, and a wide wood-burning hearth with 0.33m jambs and a chamfered mantel beam with lamb's tongue stops. The room above has a similar ceiling, and a shallow hearth with rear splays; the chamfered mantel beam with lamb's tongue stops is inserted. The left ground-floor room has a chamfered transverse beam and longitudinal plain joists of vertical section; C15 wood-burning hearth. The room above is open to just above the arched collars of the clasped purlin roof. The transverse tie-beam has been severed, leaving a stub in situ on the front wallplate, finished to an ovolo profile c1984. A gabled dormer in the rear pitch of the roof is blocked by a C20 addition to the rear. Much reused timber applied decoratively in the rear part. In the right bay, destroyed by fire in 1938, the only survivals are the 2 wood-burning hearths. The ground-floor hearth has 0.33m jambs, rounded rear splays, and a 4-centred brick arch, repaired. The first-floor hearth has jambs moulded to an ovolo and concave profile, an ovolo-moulded segmental brick arch, and rear splays. These and the other hearths were originally plastered; they have been stripped back to the brickwork and sand-blasted. The exposed framing in this bay is wholly C20, composed of reused old timbers.
HISTORICAL NOTE: notes in the possession of the owner show that this holding was recorded as Bettes in 1420, and Wasketts from 1521, then of 22 acres. The Petre survey of 1556 records a house 40 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 9 feet high to the eaves, with a tiled roof. The Walker map of 1601 illustrates pair of houses joined at an angle (Essex Record Office). The left house (which could be the one recorded in the survey of 1556) is of one storey with attics, with 2 doors, 3 windows, a gabled dormer above the middle window, and a chimney to right of it. The smaller house to right of it has a central chimney and 2 windows; the door is assumed to be on the reverse side, unless the accommodation was so combined that this house used the nearer door of the larger house. This seems to be a 'Unit System' pair, providing joined houses for 2 related households occupying the same holding. The present house is totally different, and must be of later date. In 1840 the house was converted to 3 cottages. The cottage SE of the stack was wholly destroyed by fire in 1938, and the remainder became one house. Major renovation c1984.
(Essex Record Office: D/DP: 8).

Listing NGR: TQ6286399773

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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