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Chorlton New Mill and Attached Chimney

A Grade II Listed Building in City Centre, Manchester

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.4726 / 53°28'21"N

Longitude: -2.2435 / 2°14'36"W

OS Eastings: 383932

OS Northings: 397347

OS Grid: SJ839973

Mapcode National: GBR DJL.W5

Mapcode Global: WHB9G.HZW6

Entry Name: Chorlton New Mill and Attached Chimney

Listing Date: 11 March 1988

Last Amended: 6 June 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197774

English Heritage Legacy ID: 387963

Location: Manchester, M1

County: Manchester

Electoral Ward/Division: City Centre

Built-Up Area: Manchester

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater Manchester

Church of England Parish: Hulme The Ascension

Church of England Diocese: Manchester

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Listing Text


MANCHESTER

SJ8397 CAMBRIDGE STREET
698-1/19/36 (East side)
11/03/88 Chorlton New Mill and attached
chimney
(Formerly Listed as:
CAMBRIDGE STREET
(East side)
Chorlton New Mill)

GV II

Cotton spinning mill, now partially used as rubber processing
works. 1814, extended in 1818 and 1845, with chimney dated
1853. Red brick with slate roofs throughout; cast iron and
brick fireproof internal structure. Original block is parallel
to Cambridge Street; 8 storeys (including 2 below street
level), 20 bays, each with small rectangular window with
cambered brick head. Internal engine house towards N end,
segregated from main body of mill by cross wall built to
incorporate vertical main-shaft, ducts, ventilation system and
hoist, and with fireproof staircase located behind engine
house; originally built with internal boiler house to S of
cross wall. Internal construction has cast iron columns
supporting cast iron beams and transverse brick arches; the
original roof structure may have been cast and wrought iron,
but was later replaced. Parallel single storeyed roof-lit shed
in narrow yard to front of mill possibly built as loom shed in
early-mid C19 (see Clark). Chimney adjacent to NW dated 1853;
brick with iron bands; octagonal. Wing parallel to Hulme
Street added in 1818; 6 storeyed, 12 bays, with central
segmentally arched entrance to yard, and small rectangular
windows with cambered brick heads in each bay. Fireproof
internal structure (cast iron columns and transverse brick
arches). 3 storeyed office building adjoins to E. The 2 ranges
were linked in 1845 by a 6 storey block to SW of site (on
corner of Cambridge Street and Hulme Street); 6 bays to Hulme
Street, and 4 bays beneath parallel gables to Cambridge
Street. Blocked round-arched windows cut by later fenestration
indicate former internal engine house in SW of site (on corner
of Cambridge Street and Hulme Street); 6 bays to Hulme Street,
and 4 bays beneath parallel gables to Cambridge Street.
Blocked round-arched windows cut by later fenestration
indicate former internal engine house in SW corner of this
building originally intended to serve all 3 blocks on the site
(originally with boiler house and chimney on opposite side of
street, linked by a tunnel at least until construction of
extant chimney to N of site). Fireproof internal structure.
Weaving sheds added to N of site in 1829 have been demolished
and built over.
HISTORY: The mill was developed by a partnership which also
operated the near-by Chorlton Old Mill (as well as other mills
on Oxford Road which are no longer extant), and by 1838 they
had also formed a partnership with Charles Macintosh who was
using the nearby Cambridge Street rubber works site for the
production of rubberised cloth.
Included as a fine example of early large-scale mill building;
the 1814 mill may be the oldest surviving fireproof mill in
Manchester, and the multi-phase site is a good example of a
type of development and layout which became characteristic of
C19 urban mills.
(Williams M, with Farnie DA: Cotton Mills in Greater
Manchester: London: 1993-: 158-159; Industrial Archaeology
Review: Clark S: Chorlton Mills and their neighbours: Oxford:
1978-: 207-239).


Listing NGR: SJ8393297347

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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