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Houses of Parliament the Palace of Westminster

A Grade I Listed Building in City of Westminster, London

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4995 / 51°29'58"N

Longitude: -0.1247 / 0°7'28"W

OS Eastings: 530267

OS Northings: 179505

OS Grid: TQ302795

Mapcode National: GBR JJ.5N

Mapcode Global: VHGQZ.SKGV

Entry Name: Houses of Parliament the Palace of Westminster

Listing Date: 5 February 1970

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1226284

English Heritage Legacy ID: 423496

Location: Westminster, London, SW1P

County: London

District: City of Westminster

Electoral Ward/Division: St James's

Built-Up Area: City of Westminster

Traditional County: Middlesex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Westminster Abbey Extra Parochial Place

Church of England Diocese: London

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Listing Text

TQ 3079 NW and SW CITY OF WESTMINSTER PARLIAMENT SQUARE, SW1
92/53; 101/7; (east side)
Houses of Parliament,
5.2.70 The Palace of Westminster
G.V. I
Houses of Parliament with the surviving parts of the Palace of Westminster.
Westminster Hall 1097-99, remodelled 1394-1401 by Henry Yevele with Hugh
Herland, carpenter; St Stephen's Chapel "crypt", probably c.1292-97 and c.1320; St Stephen's Cloister and chantrey chapel 1526-29 (considerably restored after
World War II bomb damage; Houses of Parliament (the New Palace of Westminster).
1835-60 by Sir Charles Barry with detailing, interior decoration and
furnishings by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin; offices against side of Westminster Hall, 1888 by J L Pearson; House of Commons and Lobby rebuilt after World War II bombing. Stone with slate roofs and galvanised cast iron plate roofs to Barry's work which also has an internal fireproof construction of iron joists and brick jack-arches. Cruciform, axial spine plan and massing by Barry combining symmetry on the river front terrace with the asymmetry of the major vertical accents: Victoria Tower, Big Ben and the central fleche and turrets above the roof line.
Pugin's 5 particular contribution the perpendicular Gothic detailing of rhythmic
buttresses and bay windows, the close panelling with open and blind tracery and
the wealth of sculpture, carved crockets, pinnacles and finials. Great vaulted
Royal Entrance at foot of Victoria Tower; Lords entrance with buttressed,
pinnacled porch in centre of Old Palace Yard range; St Stephen's Porch
gatehouse across south end of Westminster Hall (giving access to cross-axis of
plan); north entrance to Westminster Hall with great window above and crocketed
finialed gable flanked by square battlemented towers (restored 1820); 3
gateways in E M Barry's cloister-arcade to east range of New Palace Yard
terminating in virtually free-standing clock tower of Big Ben. Perpendicular
fenestration with shallow oriels. The riverside terrace has cast iron
ornamental lamps on the buttress-piers of the Embankment wall. Interiors:
Westminster Hall has vast hammerbeam roof of exceptionally early date and
scale and outstanding late C14 figure sculpture flanking dais arch; St Stephen's
Chapel "crypt", though much restored, retains perhaps the earliest surviving
lierne vault; Pugin's interiors are the best preserved and most complete
example of the quality and ideals of his secular decoration including all
details and furnishings and are combined with a complete programme of mid C19
and early C20 wall paintings. (Loose items of furniture not covered by listing.)
The Houses of Parliament; M H Port
[R C R M]
History of the King's Works
Survev of London: Vol X


Listing NGR: TQ3026379543

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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