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The Castle (The Inhabited Parts Only)

A Grade I Listed Building in Taunton Deane, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.0158 / 51°0'56"N

Longitude: -3.105 / 3°6'18"W

OS Eastings: 322581

OS Northings: 124625

OS Grid: ST225246

Mapcode National: GBR M1.J762

Mapcode Global: FRA 46DF.D4V

Entry Name: The Castle (The Inhabited Parts Only)

Listing Date: 4 June 1952

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1231384

English Heritage Legacy ID: 269653

Location: Taunton Deane, Somerset, TA1

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane

Town: Taunton Deane

Electoral Ward/Division: Taunton Manor and Wilton

Built-Up Area: Taunton

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

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Listing Text

(North Side)
The Castle
(The inhabited parts only)
ST 2224 NE 9/4 4.6.52.


A very important complex of buildings which was originally the medieval castle
of the Bishops of Winchester. William Giffard between 1107 and 1129 converted
the bishop's hall into a castle of which the west wall, with its narrow clasping
buttresses, now looks out upon the modern Wyndham Hall to west. Henry of Blois,
his successor as bishop, built the keep. Bishop William Ralegh during 1245 to
1249 carried out the rebuilding of the great hall and chamber (now the Somerset
room) as well as the chapel of St Nicholas. In the room just over the inner gate
were the bishops' exchequer and treasury. The Castle was held by Robert Blake
when beseiged by Royalists 1644-5. The north wall still bears marks of damage
caused by gunfire from across the River Tone. In 1662 the keep was demolished.
Assize courts (including the famous "Bloody Assizes" of 1685) were held in the
great hall until 1858. Somerset Archaeological Society acquired the buildings
in 1873. Buildings include:- Round tower. Norman buttresses and window in west
range. Constable's tower with C13 windows at north-west angle. Great hall with
C15 windows. Walls of the Norman keep in the garden to the north of the Castle
Hotel (excavated 1924-O), Gateway of 1495. Cl7 house at south-east angle with
fine shell hood to doorway in courtyard. Small Adamesque library dating from circa
1785, when Sir Benjamin Hammet was Keeper of the Castle and did much restoration.
Recent Wyndham galleries. The uninhabited parts only are scheduled A.M.

All the listed buildings on Castle Green form a group together with Ina Cottage,
Mill Lane.

Listing NGR: ST2255524596

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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