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49-50 and 52-54 East Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Taunton, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0147 / 51°0'52"N

Longitude: -3.0989 / 3°5'55"W

OS Eastings: 323010

OS Northings: 124494

OS Grid: ST230244

Mapcode National: GBR M1.J8QX

Mapcode Global: FRA 46DF.GKD

Entry Name: 49-50 and 52-54 East Street

Listing Date: 16 October 1973

Last Amended: 19 June 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1232360

English Heritage Legacy ID: 269707

Location: Taunton Deane, Somerset, TA1

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane

Town: Taunton Deane

Electoral Ward/Division: Taunton Manor and Wilton

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Taunton

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

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Listing Text

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 21/02/2017

EAST STREET (South Side)
No 49 to 54 (consec)

ST 2324 NW 12/59
ST 2324 SW 14/59

16.10.73.

GV
II
Group of late C18/early C19 fronts, No 54 altered. 3 storeys of varying elevations, Painted brick, No 54 with grey roughcast. Moulded cornices and parapets. 12 windows
in all, No 51 has one paired light, No 52 a triple light and rusticated voussoirs. Sashes with glazing bars. No 52 has C19 double shop front and 6-panel door flanked by panelled pilasters with volutes. No 53 has round headed doorway with traceried fanlight. 6-panel door up 2 steps. Otherwise modern shop fronts. No 54 only included for group value.

1-10 Grays Alms Houses and Nos 49 to 54 (consec) form a group.


Listing NGR: ST2303524494

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Summary

Shops with office accommodation above. Late C18/early C19 with various alterations, principally in the late C20 and early C21.

Description

Shops with office accommodation above. Late C18/early C19 with various alterations, principally in the late C20 and early C21.

MATERIALS: constructed of brick. 49-50 and 53 are painted. The roofs are variously clad with plain tiles, double Roman tiles, artificial slate and metal profiled sheeting.

PLAN: all have a double-depth plan and a narrow frontage. 49-50 have been combined to form a single premises.

EXTERIOR: three storeys and basements, with varying elevations which include sash windows with glazing bars, moulded cornices and parapets to the facades. 49-50 is a three bay building with a modern shop front that was installed within the existing reveals in the 1980s. There is a moulded cornice over the shop front. The fenestration to the upper floors is symmetrically arranged. The first-floor windows to the outer bays have sixteen panes and the central window has twelve panes. There is an eight pane window to both outer bays and a central window of six panes at second-floor level. 51 is no longer extant and was replaced with vehicular entranceway with modern brick surround in the 1980s. 52 has a C19 shop front with panelled stall riser, panelled pilasters with carved consoles, a plain fascia, and dentil cornice. The recessed entrance has a modern full-glazed door, and there is a single display window to the left and two to the right; these have slender colonettes and rise to fretwork panels. Each of the upper floors has a triple-light window and a sash window with glazing bars, all under heads of rusticated stone voussoirs. 53 has a late-C20 shop front with transom lights above the display windows and stall risers, and a C19 dentil cornice above the fascia. To the right is a round-headed doorway set in a recessed, panelled doorcase with traceried fanlight and modern glazed door. The first and second floors each contain a central sash window of sixteen panes with a six over six sash window to each of the flanking bays. 54 has a late C20 shop front with three six over six sash windows at first-floor level and three over six sash windows to the second floor. The right (west) return was rebuilt in 1985. The rear (south) elevations have undergone alteration and some rebuilding, with late C20 windows to 53 and 54. The rear of 50 is two-storeys, and has a ground-floor doorway to the far right and sash windows with thick glazing bars to both floors. The rear range to 49 has a mansard roof. Its west elevation is blind, and its right return and east elevation have replacement windows.

INTERIOR: (only 49-50 inspected internally). 50 has a late C19 fireplace to the first floor which has a simple timber surround, brackets supporting the mantle shelf, and a round-arched grate. 53 is understood to retain a late C18/early C19 staircase with turned newel posts, stick balusters and a ramped handrail.

The entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 22 June 2017.

History

The basic street pattern of Taunton had been established by the medieval period, including East Street which is one of the principal routes through the town and one of its established shopping streets. Taunton was an important cloth town, but suffered during the Civil War, and much of the redevelopment in previously occupied areas of the town centre appears to have occurred generally on a piecemeal basis, and principally during the late C18 and early C19.

49-54 East Street date from the late C18/early C19 and may well have been houses when first built. They are shown on the c1840 Taunton Tithe Map, at which date they all have attached ranges and other buildings to the rear. The Ordnance Survey map of 1890 depicts a carriage works to the rear of 54. By the late C19 it is likely that these buildings began to shift towards commercial use, with ground floors becoming shops and upper floors used as living accommodation. They have all undergone alteration since then, though largely during the second half of the C20 and in the early C21. Changes include the loss of the rear ranges to all except 49, whose range was raised by two additional storeys in the mid-C20. Other alterations, such as the replacement of most of the shop fronts and internal refurbishment, have also taken place. Further to this, 49 and 50 East Street were combined into single premises in 1982, 51 was demolished in the 1980s, and changes occurred to 54 when the adjacent County Walk shopping centre was built in 1985.

Reasons for Listing

49-50 and 52-54 (51 not extant) East Street is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Architectural interest: as examples of well-proportioned late C18/early C19 town buildings with good architectural detailing to their frontages;

* Group value: they form a group with other listed buildings on a significant street, including No. 48 (Grade II*), No. 55 (Grade II) and No. 21 East Street (Grade II) and Gray’s Almhouses (Grade I).

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