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High and over with Attached Walls, Steps and Pergola, Highover Park

A Grade II* Listed Building in Amersham, Buckinghamshire

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Latitude: 51.667 / 51°40'1"N

Longitude: -0.6042 / 0°36'15"W

OS Eastings: 496629

OS Northings: 197394

OS Grid: SU966973

Mapcode National: GBR F68.J1C

Mapcode Global: VHFSH.GCYD

Entry Name: High and over with Attached Walls, Steps and Pergola, Highover Park

Listing Date: 28 January 1971

Last Amended: 21 January 1997

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1237711

English Heritage Legacy ID: 414978

Location: Amersham, Chiltern, Buckinghamshire, HP7

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Chiltern

Civil Parish: Amersham

Built-Up Area: Amersham

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Amersham with Coleshill

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

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Listing Text

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 22/11/2017

SU 9697

No 40, High and Over, with attached walls, steps and pergola

(Formerly listed as High and Over, with attached walls, steps and pergola HIGHOVER DRIVE)

Country house, now divided into two dwellings. 1930 by Amyas D Connell for Bernard Ashmole, Professor of Classical Archaeology at London University.

Concrete frame, infilled with cavity wall construction externally of brick and with concrete block internally. Y-shaped plan designed to catch the sun and views across the Misbourne valley, with hexagonal centrepiece incorporating main and garden entrances and projecting staircase. Two storeys with partial basement, a third nursery floor over servants' wing gives on to flat roof with concrete canopies over. Single stack. Basement garage and store under west wing.

Exteriors. All windows of metal, many in steel plated soffits. Near symmetrical entrance front, with central chrome-plated steel double doors flanked by continuous strip windows which curve round the central projections of the house. North wing of house originally housed kitchen and servants' quarters, and there is a projecting trades entrance to left. To right, wall hides drive to garage. To side, steps lead to garden. Garden elevation with central metal-framed, glazed double doors, and regular fenestration to ground floor. The first floor similar, but with two blind bays. The upper floor denoted by two concrete canopies over rooftop garden, incorporating hooks for hammocks and swing, and sandpit. Central projecting balcony with open steel sides. Terrace continues across garden front, with steps down to lower garden. To right, the terrace ends in concrete pergola which frames the end of the east wing. East wing with projecting first floor oriel. Road elevation with central projecting staircase, continuously glazed to ground and first floors. Long, continuous strip windows to second floor.
Interior. Now divided into two units.

Central hexagonal hallway divided from front door, but retains original polished limestone floor inset with glass and traces of central fountain. Central circular opening to first floor with solid balustrade, the first floor reached via spiral staircase with similar balustrade. Staircase continues to second floor, but now blocked. On ground floor, former library retains bookcases, and first floor retains light fitting over oriel window, metal surrounds, and fitted cupboards.

The front door now in the other unit. This has the former living room, with asymmetrical, stepped fireplace with flat light fitting flush to ceiling over. In dining room there survives original floors, metal surrounds and light fitting to wall and ceiling which was installed to entirely light glass shelving or sideboard. Spiral service staircase.

Of outstanding importance as the first truly convincing essay in the international style in England, one of only two buildings included in the exhibition `The International Style' held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, under the curatorship of Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in 1932. It is the first work by Connell, who with Basil Ward and Colin Lucas formed the most important architectural practice designing modern movement houses in the inter-war period.

Country Life, vol. LXX, 1931, p.302
Architect and Building News, 29 November 1929, 3 January 1930, 26 June 1931, and 3 July 1931. Architectural Association Journal, May 1956
Dennis Sharp, Connell Ward and Lucas, 1995

Listing NGR: SU9662997394

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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