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Building D34 (fire station) at Boots Factory Site

A Grade II Listed Building in Beeston Rylands, Nottinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9257 / 52°55'32"N

Longitude: -1.1962 / 1°11'46"W

OS Eastings: 454133

OS Northings: 336775

OS Grid: SK541367

Mapcode National: GBR 8HW.JD1

Mapcode Global: WHDGY.LQLH

Entry Name: Building D34 (fire station) at Boots Factory Site

Listing Date: 14 April 1987

Last Amended: 26 April 2013

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1247933

English Heritage Legacy ID: 429356

Location: Broxtowe, Nottinghamshire, NG90

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Broxtowe

Local Authority Ward: Beeston Rylands

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Nottingham

Traditional County: Nottinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Nottinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Beeston

Church of England Diocese: Southwell and Nottingham

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Beeston

Summary

The fire station at the Boots factory, known as D34, erected in 1938 to the designs of Sir Evan Owen Williams, with additions of c1978.

Description

MATERIALS
A reinforced concrete external frame with cantilever beams.

PLAN
Rectangular in plan, the building is 8 bays deep and 3 bays wide.

EXTERIOR
The fire station has a concrete plinth and concrete roofs. The higher, central appliance house has clerestory windows and is flanked by a single-storey, parapeted addition. There are metal, Crittall windows. The front entrance has central, full height doors flanked by single casements in set back wings and in each return angle, full-height glazing. The square hose tower has diagonal bracing, with glass brick infill. A long lamp-light is attached to the wall at the top centre of the entrance. The structural engineering of this building is similar to that of the D6 building and is of the same date. Additions of c.1978 are not of special interest.

INTERIOR
The interior has a glazed tile dado.

History

Jesse Boot, son of John Boot, of the Boots Pure Drug Co., now Boots UK, took the decision to construct a model factory in the 1920s and acquired 156 acres of land to the south of Beeston. In constructing his purpose-built factory Jesse Boot made direct reference to American corporate working models aimed at creating a modern industrial environment – spacious, light and healthy for the workers – alongside the introduction of efficient, process-driven design. The modular, extendable and process-driven scheme reflected the fast changing needs of industrial production. Such concepts of appropriateness and suitability for purpose – using the latest structural techniques and materials – were a driving force in the construction of D10, the wet processes factory (constructed 1930-32) and D6, the dry processes factory (constructed 1937-38), both designed by the civil engineer Sir Evan Owen Williams.

D34, the site fire station, was also constructed in 1938 possibly to quell fires in the dry processes factory near which it sits, and also perhaps as a test model for the innovative construction of D6. It has a small side extension added in c.1978.

Reasons for Listing

Building D34, the fire station at the Boots factory site, erected in 1938, to the designs of Sir Evan Owen Williams, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Architectural Interest: it is a model in engineering design of its neighbour D6, and has significant architectural interest;

* Architect: it was designed by Williams, one of the most influential and innovative engineering architects of the C20;

* Historic Interest: it is an outstanding example of reinforced concrete engineering, with unprecedented 9 metre cantilevers in the single-storey wings;

* Group Value: strong group value with Buildings D10 and D6, listed at Grade l, (for which it acted as the fire station) and D90, listed at Grade ll*.

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