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The Crescent

A Grade I Listed Building in Buxton, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.2591 / 53°15'32"N

Longitude: -1.9144 / 1°54'51"W

OS Eastings: 405806

OS Northings: 373572

OS Grid: SK058735

Mapcode National: GBR HZ2R.BD

Mapcode Global: WHBBS.KBLT

Entry Name: The Crescent

Listing Date: 25 January 1951

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1257876

English Heritage Legacy ID: 463354

Location: High Peak, Derbyshire, SK17

County: Derbyshire

District: High Peak

Town: High Peak

Electoral Ward/Division: Buxton Central

Built-Up Area: Buxton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Buxton with Burbage and King Sterndale

Church of England Diocese: Derby

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Listing Text


616-1/3/83 The Crescent
(Formerly Listed as:
St Anne's Hotel. Crescent Hotel.)


Hotel, assembly room and 5 lodging houses, later council
premises, now vacant. 1780-88, addition c1803 with C19 and C20
alterations. By John Carr of York for the 5th Duke of
Devonshire, additions possibly by J White. Ashlar, brick and
dressed stone with ashlar dressings and Westmorland slate
roofs. Cruciform stone stacks.
STYLE: Neo-Classical.
PLAN: crescent.
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys to front, 4 storeys to rear, and
basements. Front has symmetrical 29 window semi-circular range
culminating in 5 window facades at each end. Rusticated, round
arched arcade to ground floor has set back 27 round headed
openings, with sets of steps in front of arches 2, 8, 11, 14,
16, 22 and 23 (from right to left). Central altered doorway
and to left a 3-light opening, a window, a door, 2 windows, a
doorway altered to a window, 2 windows, 2 blocked doors and 3
windows. To the right 2 windows, a door, 2 windows, a door, 5
windows, a door and a window. All the windows are glazing bar
sashes and doorways have mostly 6 panel doors and fanlights.
Above giant fluted Roman Doric pilasters with blind balustrade
and full entablature, topped by balustrade with plain panels
interspersed with shaped balusters, the central panel is
carved with the Cavendish arms.
First floor has 23 plain sashes and to the right 6 glazing bar
sashes, with guilloche pattern plat band between floors, and
second floor has 29 glazing bar sashes. 5 window facades at
either end have similar articulation, set back ground floor
facades have 4 round headed sashes each.
Left return has similar articulation, 5-window range with
blocked entrance at bay 1, first-floor windows blind and
second-floor windows with glazing bar sashes.
Right return has similar articulation, 7-window range, with 7
round headed sashes on the first floor and 7 blank panels
Rear facade of dressed stone, 4 storeys. Ground floor has tall
round headed windows mostly blocked, and small square
projections with stairs. First and second floors have boarded
glazing bar sashes and third floor has smaller glazing bar
INTERIOR: of former St Ann's Hotel altered but some original
features survive. The vaulted cellars serviced by central
passageway are divided into secure rooms providing wine
cellars and stores. These retain many original features, such
as 4 planked doors with strapped hinges within pegged
architraves, that have been refronted with panelled doors.
There are 6-panel doors with low lock rails. Stone flag floors
and a stone table survive. Window openings include 2 internal
lunettes and an exterior window with chamfered mullion.
To the right-hand, east, section many wooden doors retain top
panels with bars for ventilation or vent holes. 2 fireplaces
with stone jambs and lintels, 1 with narrow grate, the other
Ground floor has later ornate dining room addition to rear,
with massive moulded beams upon double modillions in 5
rectangular panels. Folding shutters to windows. Later
furnishings include Chinese style woven wallhangings. First
floor has cast-iron balusters to stairs, with wreathed wooden
handrail and columns to landing. Door glazed and engraved to
upper panels, with fanlight and raised panels to spandrels, in
ornate doorcase with ovolo moulding, leads into Smoking Room.
Drawing room also has entrance door with engraved glass to
upper panels and overlight, in moulded surround with
entablature. The ceiling has shallow relief plasterwork of
interlocking scrolls with central roundel. The frieze is
similar in style to the cyclamen or "whiplash" pattern. Ornate
fireplace with overmantel. One fireplace removed at time of
survey, elaborate over mantel mirror remaining.
Former Great Hotel, later Crescent Hotel, has semi-circular
staircase rising from right-hand entrance to first floor
Assembly Room with canted corners. Coved ceiling with ornate
Adam style plasterwork, also plaques to wall. Marble
fireplaces with overmantels, coved decorated alcoves, and
ornate door cases, all with pediments either scrolled or
triangular. The double panelled doors are round headed. Order
of Corinthian columns and engaged pilasters. Adjoining the
Assembly Room is the former card room (2x2) with panelled
The remaining houses and the hotel were designed as individual
units, those to the hotel have linking curved central
corridors on each floor. Each unit has 3 windows to the front
and 5 windows to the rear with splayed internal walls
following the curve of the Crescent. The units also have
single flight return, cantilevered stone staircase with iron
balustrade and wooden handrail. Most units contain some
original decoration such as doors, doorcases and plasterwork,
though many were modernized in the C19 and they retain
interesting C19 fireplaces, plasterwork and panelling.
Brick and stone vaulted cellars retain at least one later
cooking range and slop stone sink.
Balustrade to Great Stair by Thomas Smith of Chesterfield, and
plasterwork to Assembly Room by James Henderson of York and
carving by Thomas Waterworth of Doncaster. The Crescent cost
(The Buildings of England: Pevsner N: Derbyshire:
Harmondsworth: 1953-1986: 113; Hall I: Georgian Buxton:
Chapel-en-le-Frith: 1984-: 40; Leach John: The Book Of Buxton:
Leicester: 1987-: 124; Georgian Group Journal: Hall I: The
Cresent, Buxton: 1992-: 40-55).

Listing NGR: SK0580673572

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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