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Town Fortifications Including the Bell Tower

A Grade I Listed Building in Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.769 / 55°46'8"N

Longitude: -1.998 / 1°59'52"W

OS Eastings: 400221

OS Northings: 652855

OS Grid: NU002528

Mapcode National: GBR G1HQ.7S

Mapcode Global: WH9YK.88T6

Entry Name: Town Fortifications Including the Bell Tower

Listing Date: 26 May 1971

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1290222

English Heritage Legacy ID: 237250

Location: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, TD15

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Built-Up Area: Berwick-upon-Tweed

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Berwick Holy Trinity and St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

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Listing Text

1.
840 Town Fortifications
including the Bell Tower
NU 0052 7/26O
11/260
11/262
NU 0053 8/259
11/259
NT 9952 9/256
11/256
9/257
11/257
NT 9953 10/134
10/258
11/258
I
2.
One of the best examples in Europe of a fortified town. Medieval walls were
begun by Edward I and surrounded the town, with the Castle at their North
West corner. Their course is traceable, and fragments remain in the Bell
Tower (base) and walling on the North side. The Elizabethan fortifications
are unique in Britain, begun circa 1555 and built to the latest Italian
designs. In the 1760's the medieval walls were rebuilt with gun batteries,
and Coxon's Tower was rebuilt. The gates include Scotsgate (altered 1815
and 1858), Cowport (probably 1590's with C18 timber doors), Ness
Gate (1816), Shore Gate (1760's with original timber doors). Scheduled
AM.


Listing NGR: NU0022152855

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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